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Commonly used MS Acronyms


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Commonly Used MS Acronyms: 


ADA:               Americans with Disabilities Act     


ADEM:            Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis


AFO:               Ankle Foot Orthotic


BFS:                Benign Fasciculation Syndrome


BINO:              Bilateral INO


BPPV:             Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

CDMS:            Clinically Definite Multiple Sclerosis


CIS:                Clinically Isolated Syndrome


CNS:               Central Nervous System  

CPMS:            Chronic-Progressive Multiple Sclerosis (Old name used for progressive types of  MS.  Replaced by Primary-Progressive and Secondary- Progressive)


CPP:                Disability Canadian Pension Plan Disability

CRAB Drugs:   Copaxone, Rebif, Avonex, and Betaseron


CSF:                Cerebral Spinal Fluid


DMD's:            Disease Modifying Drugs


DTR:                Deep Tendon Reflex


DX:                  Diagnosis

Dx'd:                Diagnosed


EBV:                Epstein Barr Virus


EDSS:              Expanded Disability Status Scale (Scale used to determine MS disability level)

EEG:                Electroencephalogram


ELISA:            Test for detecting antibodies to a specific infection (as in Lyme)   


EMG:              Electromyography


EOM:              Extraocular movements (Eye movements)


ESR:                Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (Sed Rate)     


FES:                Functional Electrical Stimulation


FLAIR:            Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery - MRI technique to show lesions


FMLA:             The Family and Medical Leave Act


FSE:                 Fast Spin Echo (MRI technique)     


GP:                  General Practitioner or family doctor


HGC:               Hypo Gamma Chondria - the virtual Greek house for people who have been told they are crazy or stressed, are afraid they are crazy now or will become so in the future. Also for the Undiagnosed, the Misdiagnosed, and the Diagnosed, but Pissed Off.

IBS:                 Irritable Bowel Syndrome


IgG:                 Gamma Immunoglobulins (common antibodies)


INO:                Internuclear Ophthalmoplegia (eye movement difficulty seen in MS)


IPIR:                Immediate Post-Injection Reaction (a reaction that is possible with Copaxone)


IVIG:               Intravenous Immunoglobulin


KAFO:            Knee Ankle Foot Orthotic


LDN:               Low Dose Naltrexone


LP:                   Lumbar Puncture or Spinal Tap


MD:                 Medical Doctor


MP:                  Marshall Protocol


MRI:                Magnetic Resonance Imaging


MS:                 Multiple Sclerosis      


MSSC:            Multiple Sclerosis Society of Canada


NCS:               Nerve Conduction Studies  


OB:                 Oligoclonal Bands (sometimes referred to as O-bands)


ON:                 Optic Neuritis      


OT:                  Occupational Therapy


PCP:                Primary Care Physician


PCR:                Polymerase Chain Reaction - test for detecting DNA


PPMS:             Primary-Progressive Multiple Sclerosis


PML:               Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy


PNS:                Peripheral Nervous System


PT:                   Physical Therapy


RBC:                Red Blood Cell count


RLS:                Restless Leg Syndrome


RRMS:            Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis     

RX:                  Prescription or Medications


SLE:                 Systemic Lupus Erythematosis

SNS:                Somatic Nervous System


SP:                   Secondary-Progressive Multiple Sclerosis


SSI:                  Supplemental Security Income


SSDI:               Social Security Disability Income


SSEP:              SomatoSensory Potential


SS:                   Sjogren's Syndrome


SX:                  Symptom

(number)T:       The strength of the MRI machine, such as 1.5T or 3T. T=Tesla


T1:                   A technique on MRI which shows black holes


T2:                   A technique on the MRI which shows the hyperintense lesions of MS


TM:                  Transverse Myelitis


TN:                  Trigeminal Neuralgia


UTI:                 Urinary Tract Infection


VDRL:             Syphillis test

VEP:                Visual Evoked Potential


VNG:               Videonystagmography


WBC:              White Blood Cell count             


WML:              White Matter Lesions

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