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Concussions in High School Sports: Worth the Risk?

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References

  1. Gilchrist, K. Nonfatal Traumatic Brain Injuries Related to Sports and Recreational Activities Among Persons Aged ≤ 19 Years – United States, 2001-2009. MMWR 2011; 60(39):1337-1342.
  2. English, C 2012, ‘CR Board Member Calls for Banning HS football’, Phillyburbs.com. 11 June 2011. < www.phillyburbs.com/news/local/courier_times_news/cr-board-member-calls-for-banning-hs-football/article_4dbb7595-770a-589f-bf45-797606569742.html>.
  3. Bissinger, B 2012, ‘Why College Football Should Be Banned’, The Wall Street Journal Online. 8 May 2012. <www.online.wsj.com/article/SB10001424052702304743704577382292376194220.html>.
  4. Gladwell, M 2009, ‘Offensive Play – How Different are Dogfighting and Football’, The New Yorker Online. 19 October 2009. <http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2009/10/19/091019fa_fact_gladwell?currentPage=all>.
  5. Curkin, S 2011, ‘Regulators Try to Ban Games at Summer Camps’, WABC-TV/DT. 19 April 2011. <http://abclocal.go.com/wabc/story?section=news/local/new_york&id=8082399>.
  6. Cassidy J, Carroll L, Peloso P, Borg J, von Holst H, Holm L, Kraus J, Coronado V. Incidence, Risk Factors and Prevention of Mild Traumatic Brain Injury: Results of the WHO Collaborating Centre Task Force on Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. J Rehabil Med 2004; Suppl. 43:28-60.
  7. McCrory P, Meeuwisse W, Johnston K, Dvorak J, Aubry M, Molloy M, Cantu R. Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport – The 3rd International Conference on Concussion in Sport Held in Zurich, November 2008. SAJSM 2009; 21(2):36-46.
  8. Scorza K, Raleigh M, O’Connor F. Current Concepts in Concussion: Evaluation and Management. Am Fam Physician 15 January 2012 ;85(2):123-132.
  9. Sportqa.com. (2011). ‘Indianapolis Colts Peyton Manning Admits to Cheating on Initial Baseline Concussion Test’ < http://www.sportqa.com/Indianapolis-Colts-Peyton-Manning-admits-to-cheating-on-initial-baseline-concussion-test-a16616>.
  10. Kirkwood M, Randolph C, Yeates K. Returning Pediatric Athletes to Play After Concussion: the Evidence (or Lack Thereof) Behind Baseline Neuropsychological Testing. Acta Paediatr. 2009;98:1409-1411.
  11. Randolph C. Baseline Neuropsychological Testing in Managing Sport-Related Concussion: Does it Modify Risk? Curr Sports Med Rep. 2011;10:21-26.
  12. Aschwanden C 2012, ‘Check your Head: Does Testing Athletes for Concussion with Fancy Software Do Any Good?’, Slate.com. 20 January 2012. <http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/medical_examiner/2012/01/impact_and_other_concussion_tests_for_athletes_may_not_work_.html>.
  13. McKee A, Cantu R, Nowinski C, Hedley-Whyte E, Gavett B, Budson A, Santini V, Lee H, Kubilus C, Stern R. Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy in Athletes: Progressive Tauopathy Following Repetitive Head Injury. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 2009 July; 68(7):709-735.
  14. Broglio S, Eckner J, Martini D, Sosnoff J, Kutcher J, Randolph C. Cumulative Head Impact Burden in High School Football. J Neurotrauma. 2011 Oct;28(10):2069-78.
  15. Broglio S, Eckner J, Surma T, Kutcher J. Post-Concussive Cognitive Declines and Symptomatology are not Related to Concussion Biomechanics in High School Football Players. J Neurotrauma. 2011 Oct;28(10):2061-8. Epub 2011 Aug 29.16) 
  16. McCrory P. Does Second Impact Syndrome Exist? Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. 2001;11(3):144-149.
  17. Thomas M, Haas T, Doerer J, Hodges J, Aicher B, Garberich R, Mueller F, Cantu R, Maron B. Epidemiology of Sudden Death in Young, Competitive Athletes Due to Blunt Trauma. Pediatrics. 2011 July; 128(1):e1-8.
  18. CDC.gov (2010). ‘Teen Drivers: Fact Sheet’ <http://www.cdc.gov/Motorvehiclesafety/Teen_Drivers/teendrivers_factsheet.html>.
  19. Rimsza M, Schackner R, Bowen K, Marshall W. Can Child Deaths Be Prevented? The Arizona Child Fatality Review Program Experience. Pediatrics 2002:110;e11.
  20. Gilchrist J, Ballesteros M. Vital Signs: Unintentional Injury Deaths Among Persons Aged 0-19 Years – United States, 2000-2009. MMWR 2012;61(15):270-276.

 

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