Neurology

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Why Are You Dizzy?

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Risk Factors for Dizziness

  • Age:Many of the common causes of dizziness, including blood pressure drop or sensory disorders, are more common as you age.
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Treatments for Dizziness

While some causes of dizziness have specific treatments, there are other treatments that can help more generally.

  • BPPV treatment: As a common cause of vertigo, BPPV can be treated through canalith repositioning. This treatment can be done by your doctor or physical therapist and involves various maneuvers to reposition your head.
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  • Inner ear treatment:
    • Balance exercises: Depending on the inner ear problem, balance retraining exercises may help treat vestibular problems, which can help you regain your balance. A physical therapist can teach you the appropriate exercises that you can then do on your own.
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    • Medications: Because vestibularproblems are often associated with nausea, you may need to take medications to alleviate these symptoms.
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  • Meniere’s disease treatment: Dietary changes and diuretics are often used to help reduce your body’s fluid retention to alleviate the fluid build up in your inner ear.
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  • Migranous vertigo treatment: The best treatment for this case is to isolate and avoid specific triggers. These may include changing your diet, reducing stress, getting more sleep and exercising.
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  • Anxiety disorders treatment: Seeing a psychotherapist in conjunction with medications may help depending on the level and cause of your anxiety.
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  • Medications: Some medications can help with dizziness. If dizziness if severely impacting your life on a regular basis, talk to your doctor about whether medications may help.
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Home Remedies for Dizziness

  • Avoid sudden posture changes, such as standing up suddenly: This can help eliminate the likelihood of a sudden drop in blood pressure – a common cause of dizziness.
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  • Rest: Most dizziness resolves itself. Often times, the best thing to do is rest and lie still until the feeling passes.
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How to Prevent Dizziness

  • Treat respiratory infections: Treating ear infections, colds, flus and congestion can help reduce the likelihood of developing some of the dizziness causes such as labyrinthitis and Meniere’s disease.
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Katherine Solem is a health writer and editor living in San Francisco. 

Published: July 20, 2011 

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