According to a report by the Los Angeles Times News Service, a study of 161 prescription and over-the-counter medications showed that 65 of them produced false positive results in the most widely administered urine test. Ronald Siegel, a psychopharmacologist at UCLA said "The widespread testing and reliance on tell-tale traces of drugs in the urine is simply a panic reaction invoked because the normal techniques for controlling drug use haven't worked very well. The next epidemic will be testing abuse."
Byrd Labs has in its possession an internal document from the Syva Company, makers of the widely used EMIT test. This document, leaked by a disillusioned company employee, lists more than 250 over-the-counter medications and prescription drugs that can cause false positives (this is only a partial listing.
AMONG THE ITEMS REPORTED AS CAUSING FALSE POSITIVE TEST RESULTS ARE:
*Pain relievers such as Advil, Nuprin, Motrin and menstrual cramp medications like Midol and Trendar. All drugs containing the widely used pain reliever Ibuprofen, are known to cause positive samples for Marijuana. Non-steroidal anti-inflamatories such as Naproxyn have cross reacted in blind tests. These are often prescribed for runners, sports injuries to joints, and those suffering from arthritis.
Syva labs has recently reworked its Cannabanoid test and claims to have eliminated this problem. But a Science Magazine article (July 8, 1988) lists Ibuprofen as cross reactive. Under the new government guidelines THC testing levels will be reduced to 50 nanograms. Many more THC false positives can be expected in 1994.
*Dristan Nasal Spray, Neosynephrine, Vicks Nasal Spray, Sudafed, etc. and others containing ephedrine or phenylpropanolamine. Over-the-counter appetite suppressants which contain propanol amine. Most common nasal decongestants can cause a positive reading for amphetamines; amphetamine false positives are the most common. Recent articles in the Journal of Clinical Chemistry, Vol. 38, No. 12, 1992 and Vol 39, No. 3, 1993 warn that medications containing chlorpromazine, fluspirilene, and others may yield a positive when tested for amphetamines.
*Vicks Formula 44M containing Dextromethorphan, and Primatene-M containing pyrilamine as well as the pain reliever Demerol, and prescription anti-depressant Elavil test positive for opiates up to three days. Even Quinine water can also cause a positive reading for opiates.
*Poppy seeds such as on the Burger King roll, on a bagel from your favorite deli, etc. The Journal of Clinical Chemistry, Vol. 33, No. 6, 1987 reports: "The quantities of poppy seed ingested in this study represent this study (25 and 40 g) may be expected to be contained in one or two servings of poppy seed cake.
Therefore, poppy seeds represent a potentially serious source of falsely positive results in testing opiate abuse." Clinical Chemistry goes on to conclude: Not only is it difficult to distinguish heroin or morphine abuse from codeine, but dietary poppy seeds can give a strong positive result for urinary opiates for several days duration that is confirmed by GC/MS analysis."
*Nyquil Nighttime Cold Medicine will test positive for Methadone up to two days.
Antibiotics. Certain newly developed antibiotics have caused positive sample urine tests. Ampicillin is suspect. Amoxicillin has caused positives for cocaine.
*Diazepam tests positive for PCP as well as the ingredient in some cough medicines, Dextromethorophan.
*Your own enzymes. A small fraction of the population excrete large amounts of certain enzymes in their urine which can produce a positive drug test. Dr. John Morgan of the Dept. Of Pharmacology of New York City University writes: "A false positive test could occur in some individuals because they excrete unusually large amounts of endogenous lysozyme or malate dehydrogenase." Dr. Morgan judges that natural enzyme interference may run as high as 10% of positive samples.
*Black Skin. (This is not a joke!) Those of African origin, certain Orientals, or Pacific Islanders might test positive for marijuana. Dr. James Woodford, a toxicologist associated with Emory University labs hypothesized the pigment melanin which protects the skin from the sun approximates the molecular structure of the THC metabolite to cross react on the marijuana urine test. Dark-skinned Caucasians such as those from the sub-continent of India could also read positive on marijuana tests. The body eliminates some melanin in a dark person's urine sample.
*Passive marijuana inhalation. If you attend a rock concert or ride in a car where marijuana is smoked nearby, even if you do not partake, the second hand marijuana that you might inhale can give your test a positive result for several days.
ON THE NET
Web sites for more information on urine testing, false positives, etc.
I know we both tested positive for like almost three months after joining the clinics. Since I don't recall popping pills or injecting drugs during that time (think I'd remember!),
I concluded that the clinics here in NY automatically mark you down for positive to opiates in tests in the beginning of "treatment". Why, I don't know. I could guess, but why bother?
I wonder what the sensitivity of the OTC test kits are. (mouth swab), if they're any better.
I was recently drug tested ( urinalysis) it didnt come back for 7 days. Then i was told i was positive for cocaine use. Havent used it and never would. I did some research and found that Kidney Infections can cause a false negative. Is this accurate? I am also on the following other medications, Relpax, Promethazine, Topamax, Norco, Nexium, Celexa, Alprazolam, Synthroid, Fexeril and Norflex. I was tested on a Tuesday and couldnt get in to see the doctor on Thursday, where i was diagnosised with Kidney infection and two other meds Cipro and Pyrdium. I starting urinating blood the day before. Is there any light for me at the end of this tunnell? The company is scheduled to term. my employment tomorrow.
This is really interesting and good infor. ro some posters. I know sm 1 was inquiring about a false pos. test the other day, so I came across this and thought I would bring it up again! Hope it helps that person if still posting.
I recently after 8 years of being on medication,had a test come back positive for heroin!!I Never ever did it...i saw dr looked hurt,sad, he could not keep me...came home with a weaning number of scripts and I will be bedridden w/o pain meds and valium for muscle spasms...came home to search internet.found cipro can cause what happened to you...as for me I noted more wrong.I am 106..5'5'persons weight on test was 5'2 and 148lbs...i had urine test on the 1st...one with heroin said the 5th...My pharmacy is sending the day I brought in script was the first...etc..what script says...i had bad feeling when nurse grabbed my test as it was a different office then i always went to.I had originally had an appt on the 5th,but asked to go to a funeral so I needed to have my appt.early...someone who had taken the appt on 5th i believe had a very bad drug abuse issue .it may be they forgot to delete my name from the original appt.and nurse was so busy,probably took name originally set for that time and put it on the bottle,even spelling my name weong.and said on test only perscribed meds was ms contin...I am perscrobed that plus oxicodone,valium mobic,and ambian,..I don't know what happened... .the other office had Amertitox right there and urine went straight to them through the bathroom window./door thing.then one came around telling who.you are and everything you take..never ever had a problem,when Ameritrox took my urine...now,I am a very crippled person going through a very fast weaning process of all those drugs at same time.....All who know me are outraged...knowing how my husband and i took to evangelizing the drug infested areas,and brought people for help to get off of the drugs such as heroin.i am so far from thinking it's ok.,My family wants me to get a lawyer.My drug store is sending the dates over,hoping they will reevaluate this situation.i got 120 roxycodone a month.why would I ruin that and do heroin 24 hours before my appointment?It's a very good medication...i had a girl angry with me for she asked for meds and used to drive me.I gave her money.but no meds...I told her i will find different rides....i cant help wonder if she somehow,took that appt.I had changed and told them my b day...but she weighs146...which is close to 148...she fits the build of test...but spelled my name different?who knows,but I was scheduled for shoulder replacement,and now,I am at a loss,.I cannot get any medication, with this horrible report.No dr will look at me!If she did this to a sick lady pushing 60 years old,God help her.God knows...My comings and goings and my heart...
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