Welcome and thanks for your question. An LDL of 4.5 converts to 175 mml which is very high. Depending on your other risk factors, your goal should be under 130, under 100 if you have 2 or more risk factors. The best way to reduce it is to work with your doctor on some life style changes including diet and exercise. Try to avoid processed foods, a basic rule of thumb is to avoid anything that comes from a window, bag or a box. Also, at your level you may need some medical intervention like a statin. Again, you should discuss this with your doctor.
The damaging effect of smoking is that it contributes to the hardening of your arteries and veins which can cause artherosclerosis in the long run but I'm not quite sure if it has a relationship between your cholesterol count.
Might as well give up smoking and see what happens.
my cholesterol is 5.6, I know its high, I already take 40mg statins .
I drink green tea( no milk or sugar, I excercise 2-3 times a week.
I don't overeat, and I'm about nearly a stone overweight, but I'm working on it.
Apart from eating porridge( which is supposed to help ) is there any other food that will help me.
The rule of thumb is this; if it comes from a box, a bag or a drive through window avoid it. Stay away from processed foods as much as possible and replace them with fruits, veggies and nuts where practical. Also, keep up the exercise as it increased HDL which helps your body eliminate LDL. Also, get some fish in your diet, mostly deep water fish like ocean salmon, cod and tuna.
You're on the right track, ask your doc about some Omega 3 fatty acids as well.
The Content on this Site is presented in a summary fashion, and is intended to be used for educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to be and should not be interpreted as medical advice or a diagnosis of any health or fitness problem, condition or disease; or a recommendation for a specific test, doctor, care provider, procedure, treatment plan, product, or course of action. Med Help International, Inc. is not a medical or healthcare provider and your use of this Site does not create a doctor / patient relationship. We disclaim all responsibility for the professional qualifications and licensing of, and services provided by, any physician or other health providers posting on or otherwise referred to on this Site and/or any Third Party Site. Never disregard the medical advice of your physician or health professional, or delay in seeking such advice, because of something you read on this Site. We offer this Site AS IS and without any warranties. By using this Site you agree to the following Terms and Conditions. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your physician or 911 immediately.