Does having emphysema cause one to aspirate food into your lungs more easily than a healthy person? If this does happen, what should you do about it, and how can you tell if it in fact it did happen? Does it always result in an infection or can it clear resolve itself?
thanks for your time
Good question. There is no change in the swallowing reflex with emphysema. However, if a person with emphysema is short of breath while eating, having trouble swallowing between breaths, it is conceivable that this might increase the risk of aspiration.
What you should do about it depends, in part, on whether the aspirated material was or was not immediately coughed-up. If not coughed-up, the aspirated food or liquid has the capacity to initiate the process of inflammation which, in turn, could lead to infection, bronchitis or pneumonia or even lung abscess. Unless coughed up immediately, the material is likely to remain in the lung, indefinitely and might only lead to infection after days or even weeks have passed.
It would be wise to consult with your doctor and have an x-ray performed. If you continue to cough after the aspiration, even in the absence of x-ray change, it might be necessary to remove the aspirated material, under direct vision, with an instrument called a bronchoscope.
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