This could be atopic dermatitis.Atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema, is an atopic(allergic), hereditary, and non-contagious skin disease characterized by chronic inflammation of the skin.
The skin of a patient with atopic dermatitis reacts abnormally and easily to irritants, food, and environmental allergens and becomes red, flaky and very itchy. It also becomes vulnerable to surface infections caused by bacteria. The skin on the flexural surfaces of the joints (for example inner sides of elbows and knees) are the most commonly affected regions.
Atopic dermatitis often occurs together with other atopic diseases like hay fever, asthma and conjunctivitis. It is a familial and chronic disease and its symptoms can increase or disappear over time. Atopic dermatitis is particularly common in young children.
Since there is no cure for atopic eczema, treatment should mainly involve discovering the triggers of allergic reactions and learning to avoid them by making diet and lifestyle changes.
Many common food allergens can trigger an allergic reaction: such as milk, nuts, cheese, tomatoes, wheat, yeast, soy, and corn. If a child avoids these allergens early on, the frequency of reactions to these later in life is decreased significantly.
To combat the severe dryness associated with eczema, a high-quality, dermatologist approved moisturizer should be used daily, preferably applied within 5-10 minutes after bathing.
If moisturizers on their own don't help and the eczema is severe,then topical corticosteroid ointments can be aplied on the affected areas.Disadvantages of using steroid creams include stretch marks and thinning of the skin.
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