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Anyone hear of Nocturnal A/V Block?
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Anyone hear of Nocturnal A/V Block?


  I ran across the term Nocturnal A/V block in my readings.  Can anyone describe this condition?  
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Dear Julie, thank you for your question.  I think the term you mention relates to an overactive parasympathetic nervous system that slows down the electrical conduction of the heart during sleep.  The parasympathetic nervous system generally slows the body down and promotes resting activities like digestion and sleep.  Conversely, the sympathetic nervous system causes a "fight or flight" response by increasing alertness, heart rate, etc.  The vagus nerve innervates the heart and its conduction system and carries impulses from each nervous system.  At night, the parasympathetic fibers take over during sleep and the resting heart rate slows down.  However, there are some people who are overly sensitive to this response and the conduction through the heart tissue is dramatically slowed.  In this case, the normal sinus impulses are unable to transverse the atrioventricular node and AV block develops.  This signifies that certain sinus impulses are not being conducted to the ventricles.  If the heart rate gets too slow, fainting spells may result.  
I hope you find this information useful.  Information provided in the heart forum is for general purposes only.  Only your physician can provide specific diagnoses and therapies. Please feel free to write back with additional questions.  Good luck!
If you would like to make an appointment at the Cleveland Clinic Heart Center, please call 1-800-CCF-CARE or inquire online by using the Heart Center website at www.ccf.org/heartcenter.   The Heart
Center website contains a directory of the cardiology staff that can be used to select the physician best suited to address your cardiac problem.





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