The causes of high blood pressure vary. Causes may include narrowing of the arteries, a greater than normal volume of blood, or the heart beating faster or more forcefully than it should as with anxiety issues. Any of these conditions will cause increased pressure against the artery walls. High blood pressure might also be caused by another medical problem. Most of the time, the cause is not known. Although high blood pressure usually cannot be cured, in most cases it can be prevented and controlled.
if it is sudden onset, you'd suspect something hormonal. If it is a rather big jump in BP, and the hypertension doesn't respond to medication, you'd first look at the kidney - looking at renal stenosis (a blockage in a kidney artery) which results in too much renin and aldosterone hormone. An MD would listen there for a bruit. If not that, then maybe a kidney infection, which can be tested in the urine
The other hormone as a culprit would be adrenalines, as in a pheochromocytoma or super stress.
I myself have a sudden onset hypertension which I believe resulted from a virus - and that virus hamper the way that my artery lining (the endothelium) functions. But that seems to be very rare.
This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information.
The Content on this Site is presented in a summary fashion, and is intended to be used for educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to be and should not be interpreted as medical advice or a diagnosis of any health or fitness problem, condition or disease; or a recommendation for a specific test, doctor, care provider, procedure, treatment plan, product, or course of action. Med Help International, Inc. is not a medical or healthcare provider and your use of this Site does not create a doctor / patient relationship. We disclaim all responsibility for the professional qualifications and licensing of, and services provided by, any physician or other health providers posting on or otherwise referred to on this Site and/or any Third Party Site. Never disregard the medical advice of your physician or health professional, or delay in seeking such advice, because of something you read on this Site. We offer this Site AS IS and without any warranties. By using this Site you agree to the following Terms and Conditions. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your physician or 911 immediately.