Aa
A
A
Close
Avatar universal
Safety and immunogenicity of hepatitis B surface antigen-pulsed dendritic cells in patients with chronic hepatitis B

Summary.  The immune modulator capacity of antigen-pulsed dendritic cells (DC) has been documented in patients with cancers and in animal models of chronic viral infections. Cancer antigen-pulsed DC are now used for treating patients with cancer. But viral antigen-pulsed DC are not used in chronic viral-infected patients because safety of antigen-pulsed DC has not been evaluated in these patients. DC were isolated from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells by culturing with human-grade granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor and interleukin-4. Human blood DC were cultured with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) for 8 h to prepare HBsAg-pulsed DC. After immunogenicity assessment of HBsAg-pulsed DC in vitro, five million HBsAg-pulsed DC were administered intradermally to five patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) 1–3 times. HBsAg-pulsed DC were immunogenic in nature because they produced significantly higher levels of interleukin-12 and interferon-γ compared to unpulsed DC (P < 0.05). Also, HBsAg-pulsed DC induced proliferation of HBsAg-specific T lymphocytes in vitro. CHB patients injected with HBsAg-pulsed DC did not exhibit generalized inflammation, exacerbation of liver damage, abnormal kidney function, or features of autoimmunity. Administration of HBsAg-pulsed DC induced anti-HBs in two patients and HBsAg-specific cellular immunity in 1 patient. This is the first study about preparation of antigen-pulsed DC using human consumable materials for treating patients with CHB. Because HBsAg-pulsed DC were safe for all patients with CHB and had immune modulation capacity in some patients, phase I and phase II clinical trials with antigen-pulsed DC in CHB and other chronic infections are warranted.
Cancel
1 Answers
Page 1 of 1
Avatar universal
Interesting article. I google and find that the same Japanese scientists first reported their research in 2004! 6 years later, there are still no takers. I hope they will continue their research.
Comment
Cancel
Comment
Avatar universal
Comment
Comment
Submit Comment
Your Answer
Avatar universal
Answer
Know how to answer? Tap here to leave your answer...
Answer
Submit Answer
A
A
Blank
Weight Tracker
Weight Tracker
Start Tracking Now
Hepatitis B Community Resources
RSS Expert Activity
233488 tn?1310696703
Blank
Marathon Running Done Over Many Yea...
05/15 by John C Hagan III, MD, FACS, FAAOBlank
233488 tn?1310696703
Blank
New Article on Multifocal IOL vs &q...
05/15 by John C Hagan III, MD, FACS, FAAOBlank
748543 tn?1463449675
Blank
TMJ/TMJ The Connection Between Teet...
01/15 by Hamidreza Nassery , DMD, FICOI, FAGD, FICCMOBlank
Top Hepatitis Answerers