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Specific Inhibitors of Hbvccdna
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Specific Inhibitors of Hbvccdna

Link : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22644022

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalently closed circular DNA (cccDNA) plays a central role in viral infection and persistence, and is the basis for viral rebound after the cessation of therapy, as well as the elusiveness of a cure even after extended treatment. Therefore there is an urgent need for the development of novel therapeutic agents that directly target cccDNA formation and maintenance. By employing an innovative cell-based cccDNA assay, in which secreted HBeAg is a cccDNA-dependent surrogate, we screened an in-house small molecule library consisting of 85,000 drug-like compounds. Two structurally related disubstituted-sulfonamides (DSS), termed CCC-0975 and CCC-0346, emerged and were confirmed as inhibitors of cccDNA production, with EC(50) values at low micromolar levels in cell culture. Further mechanistic studies demonstrated that DSS compound treatment neither directly inhibited HBV DNA replication in cell culture, nor reduced viral polymerase activity in the in vitro endogenous polymerase assay, but synchronously reduced the levels of HBV cccDNA and its putative precursor, deproteinized relaxed circular DNA (DP-rcDNA). However, DSS compounds did not promote the intracellular decay of HBV DP-rcDNA and cccDNA, suggesting that the compounds primarily interfere with rcDNA conversion into cccDNA. In addition, we demonstrated that CCC-0975 was able to reduce cccDNA biosynthesis in duck hepatitis B virus infected primary duck hepatocytes. To our knowledge, this effort is the first attempt at identifying small molecules that target cccDNA formation, and DSS compounds thus potentially serve as proof-of-concept drug candidates for development into therapeutics to eliminate cccDNA from chronic HBV infection.
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Avatar_m_tn
Thanks for the reference. This research came out from The Hepatitis B Foundation. One of the authors, Professor Guo is presenting a paper at the coming ISVHLD Conference to be held in Shanghai in June on this very topic, I think. Also, Dr Andrew Vaillant from Replicor will also be talking about his REP9AC at the same conference.
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Avatar_m_tn
Rep9AC is very quiet. Any latest news form them ?
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Avatar_m_tn
No. May hear something at the ISVHLD conference.
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