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TIPS and HE
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TIPS and HE

My husband had transplant in 2000, the liver is failing.  No chance of another transplant. He also is on kidney dialysis.  He suffers from encephalopathy-it seems to be geeting worse.  He takes the latolous syrup and Xifaxan. Can TIPS surgery slow down hepatic encephalopathy?
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Hi, it is rare a post is simply left with no response however this one is fairly complicated and perhaps outside the experience of most of us with Hepatitis C.

Fear not though as there are a few very knowledgeable members who might be able to somehow find a way to respond.

I figured I would help this along by providing a few links. I am certain you have done much research already but I found reading about the TIPS procedure quite interesting.


http://health.nytimes.com/health/guides/surgery/transjugular-intrahepatic-portosystemic-shunt-tips/overview.html

Here is a forum that has a little info. This post is somewhat dated however.
http://www.*****************/c/Cirrhosis/forum/3328710-tips-procedure

Good luck to you and your husband. Stay strong and hang in there♪
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Wow, not sure why the second link didn't appear. It was from the Cirrhosis section on the ************* dot org website.
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766573_tn?1365170066
OK. The first word was daily and the second was strength. If that does not show I will simply send you a message. This is weird.
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@ idyllic, looks like your having a post another site problem. been there done that. lol
Heres a lift back to the top. And wondering if this should be on the hep C side and not the social side?
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Sorry to hear of your husband’s problems. TIPS  (Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt) is designed to reduce portal hypertension. It can reduce the risk of gastric or esophogeal varices, and perhaps help manage ascites.

However, according to Wikipedia “...up to 25% of patients who undergo TIPS will experience transient post-operative hepatic encephalopathy...” My guess is that TIPS will likely exacerbate his brain fog; his hepatologist can help way the risk/benefit involved with this procedure.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transjugular_intrahepatic_portosystemic_shunt

My sincere best wishes to your husband and family,

--Bill



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Avatar_m_tn
Thanks for your comments.  I am just trying to find what ever I can to help him.  Our lives togherther has been very short and hard.  We have only been married for 4 years.  We spent our honeymoon at the hospital getting stared on dialysis.  

I want him around longer!
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I am very sorry to hear of your situation. It is a tough one to be in.

Why is there no chance for a transplant? Other health issues?
Is the dialysis because his liver disease is causing his liver to fail or is he unhealthy anyway and have kidney issues?

As Bill said, TIPS is for relief of portal hypertension (high blood pressure because the blood can't flow normally through his scarred liver. TIPS is performed to manage VARICES that burst and bleed causing the vomiting or defecation of large amounts of blood which can be fatal. It is NOT used to relieve hepatic encephalopathy. In fact the procedure at first creates more encephalopathy.

Unfortunately there is no cure except a liver transplant for encephalopathy. The best that can be done is to manage it with a diet of no red meat, 550 mg of Xifaxan twice a day and enough Lactulose to have 2-4 bowel movements a day.

Patients should eat chicken and fish in addition to vegetable protein. Malnourished patients should add commercially available liquid nutritional supplements to their diet such as Ensure.

There are certain things that can make encephalopathy worse and flair up. They are:
* metabolic disturbances
* gastrointestinal bleeding
* infection
* constipation
* benzodiazepines such as Valium and Xanax.
Which is why your husband should be under close monitoring of his condition by the transplant center.

You don't say what level of encephalopathy your husband has. If he is in a stupor, unresponsive and can't be woken up he needs to be taken to an ER ASAP. This is a life-threatening condition. If he has had these types of episodes he should always be with someone else to make sure he doesn't lapse into a coma which is the final stage of HE.

In summary you should be talking to the transplant center where he received his transplant. They are responsible for his care for his entire lifetime. Get an appointment with his hepatologist and tell them what is going on and ask what can be done. If they aren't helpful, ask to see another hepatologist until you find someone who will help you husband. It is their responsibility since they gave him a transplant no matter if he can get another transplant or not.

NOTE: (You should post all future posts in the Hepatitis C Community if you are asking medical advice and your husband has hepatitis C.)

I wish you the both the best of luck.

Hector

Grading of the symptoms of hepatic encephalopathy is performed according to the so-called West Haven classification system:[13]

Grade 0 - Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (previously known as subclinical hepatic encephalopathy). Lack of detectable changes in personality or behavior. Minimal changes in memory, concentration, intellectual function, and coordination. Asterixis is absent.

Grade 1 - Trivial lack of awareness. Shortened attention span. Impaired addition or subtraction. Hypersomnia, insomnia, or inversion of sleep pattern. Euphoria, depression, or irritability. Mild confusion. Slowing of ability to perform mental tasks. Asterixis can be detected.

Grade 2 - Lethargy or apathy. Disorientation. Inappropriate behavior. Slurred speech. Obvious asterixis. Drowsiness, lethargy, gross deficits in ability to perform mental tasks, obvious personality changes, inappropriate behavior, and intermittent disorientation, usually regarding time.

Grade 3 - Somnolent but can be aroused, unable to perform mental tasks, disorientation about time and place, marked confusion, amnesia, occasional fits of rage, present but incomprehensible speech

Grade 4 - Coma with or without response to painful stimuli
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In my comment above, I mentioned, “My guess is that TIPS will likely exacerbate his brain fog; his hepatologist can help way the risk/benefit involved with this procedure.”

It should have read, of course, “My guess is that TIPS will likely exacerbate his brain fog; his hepatologist can help WEIGH (not way) risk/benefit involved with this procedure :o).

Thanks for responding, Hector.

Good luck to both you and your husband, and welcome to the discussion group, RP 1964. Hector has offered some insight to cirrhosis management; hopefully this will help some.

--Bill
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Avatar_m_tn
Thanks for you comments, they were most helpful. He is having a bad day today.  Doing his treatment now. I hope it helps with the build up of toxins.  It seems his dr's has just put him out for the wolfs.  They will not give him a second transplant because of other health issues, so they just tell me it will get worse and then he will go into coma.  This is from the docs at UNC.
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Avatar_f_tn
Question: I had a TIPS procedure approx 4 months ago. I am very ashamed but I had a relapse & binge drank recently. I have been sober since the procedure. My concern is that may have affected the tips. Do you have any information regarding this situation? Please help.
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