1. There are about 6 subtypes of Hodgkin lymphoma and 61 subtypes of Non Hodgkin lymphoma.
2. Lymphoma usually develops when a genetic error, or mutation, occurs within a lymphocyte, causing the abnormal cell to duplicate faster than a normal cell or live longer than a normal lymphocyte.
3. Approximately 70% of people diagnosed with NHL are 50 years old or more; they are more likely to be men than women; and they are more likely to be Caucasion than African-American.
4. Lymphoma is more common among people with depressed immune systems and those exposed to environmental carcinogens, pesticides, herbicides, viruses and certain bacteria. Risk for developing lymphoma may be higher in individuals who:
-have a family history of NHL
-are affected with an autoimmune disease
-have received an organ transplant
-have been exposed to chemicals such as pesticides, fertilizers or
organic solvents for a long period.
-have been infected with viruses such as Epstein-Barr (which causes
mononucleosis), human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1),
HIV/AIDS, or certain bacteria such as H.pylori.
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