There should be more time alloted for each patient (when needed) so that they can be properly examined and their conditions fully understood before a diagnosis and potential treatment is decided on. There should be a further understanding of adverse side effects of medications and identification of them and further research into treatments that won't cause them and as these treatments become available have them put into use. Hospitals should maintain (with permission) a confidential database of each patient's specific needs and accommodations for future visits, especially emergencies. Much of this will take some time to enact.
Standard precautionary measures sometimes can be overlooked and after quality of care follow up concerns, there have been hospitals that took specific precautionary measures that insured that there were full discussions before as to what specific operation was being done on what patient and on what side of the body and that hand washing before operations was always done as it was found these standard measures had been in some cases overlooked with negative results. With some of these issues funding can be a cause which can impact on the time given to each patient. Also studies proved that when interns and residents were given more regular hours they were better able to help people.
As a general acceptance, a medical mistake occurs when a health-care provider chose an inappropriate method of care or the health provider chose the right solution of care, but executed it incorrectly. Medical mistakes are often described as human errors in healthcare . A medical mistake is a preventable adverse effect of care, whether or not it is evident or harmful to the patient. This might include an inaccurate or incomplete diagnosis or treatment of a disease, injury, syndrome, behavior, infection, or other ailment.
Methods to improve safety and reduce mistakes are:
1. Patient's informed consent policy.
2. Patient's getting a second opinion from another independent practitioner with similar qualifications.
3. Voluntary reporting of errors (to obtain valid data for cause analysis)
4. Root cause analysis.
5. Electronic or paper reminders to help patients maintain medication adherence.
6. Systems for ensuring review by experienced or specialist practitioners.
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