Muscular Dystrophy Community
Muscular dystrophy
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Muscular Dystrophy (MD) refers to a group of more than 30 inherited diseases that cause muscle weakness and muscle loss and eventually cause you to lose the ability to walk. Discuss topics including Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), other types of MD, symptoms and ways to improve quality of life.

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Muscular dystrophy

How does muscular dystrophy cause mental retardation in some cases?
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It doesn't really "cause" it. It's sort of hard to explain, but it's linked to chromosomes.

Many "diseases" are linked to chromosomes...too many, too few, etc.
Sometimes the " right/wrong" chromosomes are affected and someone will develop more than one type of  "disease/problem"

Down's syndrome/mental retardation, is caused when the 21st chromosome is tripled...they have 3 copies of chromosome 21 instead of 2...also called trisomy 21.

Some forms of MD are caused by genetics.
Trisomy 21 is a "genetic" type of thing...so it's possible to have many problems/diseases if you have that extra chromosome 21.

Hope this helped, rather than to make you more confused.
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