My son was born with his cord around his neck twice. He has been diagnosed with cystic encephalomacia/Hypoxic-Ischemic what is the prognosis for a child with this? I would appreciate anythinh you can tell me about this diagnosis.... Thanks.
This information is from an answer I gave to a previous question about hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.
Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE, injury to the brain from decreased oxygen or blood flow) that is evident at the time of birth can lead to more lasting effects, depending upon the degree of injury. In the milder cases, the baby may fully recover and go on to have normal development. In more severe cases, the baby might have problems with muscle tone, motor activity, or have a delay in achieving developmental milestones. These may manifest many ways in the first few months, including lethargy, irritability, poor feeding, and decreased growth. Long term consequences may include movement problems or cognitive ("thinking") problems in more severe cases of HIE.
Methods of assessing the degree of injury include physical exam, developmental testing, electrical functional testing such as the EEG (electroencephalograph), and imaging studies such as MRI.
When we discuss HIE with parents, we talk about the "risk" for long term neurodevelopmental problems. This is because a baby's brain is still growing and making new connections, and the degree of long lasting injury is unpredictable. Some babies have far fewer problems than one would predict based on the initial severity of their injury, although there are a few that also do the opposite.
Your baby may have already been referred for special services such as Physical and Occupational Therapy. Generally speaking, these services are a real benefit for optimizing your baby's development, and practicing the prescribed exercises at home can be beneficial for both the baby and the parents.
Copyright 1994-2017MedHelp International.All rights reserved. MedHelp is a division of Aptus Health.
The Content on this Site is presented in a summary fashion, and is intended to be used for educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to be and should not be interpreted as medical advice or a diagnosis of any health or fitness problem, condition or disease; or a recommendation for a specific test, doctor, care provider, procedure, treatment plan, product, or course of action. Med Help International, Inc. is not a medical or healthcare provider and your use of this Site does not create a doctor / patient relationship. We disclaim all responsibility for the professional qualifications and licensing of, and services provided by, any physician or other health providers posting on or otherwise referred to on this Site and/or any Third Party Site. Never disregard the medical advice of your physician or health professional, or delay in seeking such advice, because of something you read on this Site. We offer this Site AS IS and without any warranties. By using this Site you agree to the following Terms and Conditions. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your physician or 911 immediately.