Hi there. Usually most of the paraplegics are dependent on wheel chairs or other supportive measures. Impotence and various degrees of urinary and fecal incontinence may occur for which catheters or a bowel management program often involving suppositories, enemas or digital stimulation of the bowels may be required. These measures can prevent virtually all accidental urinary or bowel discharges. Due to decreased or loss of feeling of function in the lower extremities, paraplegia can contribute to various medical complications like decubitus or pressure sores, thrombosis and pneumonia. Physiotherapy and other assistive technology like standing frame and vigilant self-observation and care may aid in preventing future and mitigating existing complications. Phantom nerve pain could be direct result of collateral nerve injuries misinterpreted by the brain. The doctor can consider teaching the patient or his attendant intermittent clean catheterization do that the patient can be catheter free. Other drugs may be used along with high fluid intake. Hope this helps. Take care.
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