Wolff Parkinson White syndrome (WPW) is a congenital condition of the heart where, in addition to its normal electrical pathways, there is an accessory pathway (Kent Bundle) that connects between the upper and lower chambers of the heart. Accessory pathways can be single or multiple. In WPW, the accessory pathway carries electricity from the upper to the lower chambers, in addition to the normal pathways, and this side pathway shows up on a electrocardiogram (ECG) as an extra bump called a "delta wave". Under certain circumstances, the accessory pathway can conduct electricity back to the upper heart chambers that results in a rapid heart rate called supraventricular tachycardia (SVT). In a minority of patients, the rapid heart rate can be fatal. The diagnosis of WPW is made under a variety of circumstances: it can be found in patients with palpitations, or it can be an incidental finding on an ECG in a person who has no symptoms. Due to the potential arrhythmia issues, treatment with beta-blocker medication is commonly instituted. An alternative treatment is a cardiac catheterization, electrophysiology (EP) study and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the accessory pathway, so that the arrhythmia cannot happen. You do not state whether your son had symptoms or not at the time of his diagnosis with WPW. Sports participation may also be influenced if a child has WPW and an arrhythmia problem. WPW will not go away by itself if it is found at this age. It does pose an incremental risk for sudden death annually and will require long term follow up and possibly long term medication management, if the pathway is not ultimately ablated. You need to work with your pediatric cardiologist to assess your child's risk for the serious type of arrhythmia. Consultation with a pediatric electrophysiology specialist would also be helpful in getting more information for you and your son.
When a person has a radiofrequency ablation, the success rate is 95-98%. So there is a very small risk for recurrence (in which case, the invasive procedure can be repeated to get the additional pathways that sometimes manifest themselves at a later time). But if successful the problem is gone. Medications just suppress the risk for arrhythmias, they never get rid of the WPW. Foods do not make a difference. These are really the only treatment options for WPW.
Copyright 1994-2017MedHelp International.All rights reserved. MedHelp is a division of Aptus Health.
The Content on this Site is presented in a summary fashion, and is intended to be used for educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to be and should not be interpreted as medical advice or a diagnosis of any health or fitness problem, condition or disease; or a recommendation for a specific test, doctor, care provider, procedure, treatment plan, product, or course of action. Med Help International, Inc. is not a medical or healthcare provider and your use of this Site does not create a doctor / patient relationship. We disclaim all responsibility for the professional qualifications and licensing of, and services provided by, any physician or other health providers posting on or otherwise referred to on this Site and/or any Third Party Site. Never disregard the medical advice of your physician or health professional, or delay in seeking such advice, because of something you read on this Site. We offer this Site AS IS and without any warranties. By using this Site you agree to the following Terms and Conditions. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your physician or 911 immediately.