Your question cannot be answered. First, we do not know the age of the patient, and what their cardiac problem is. Additionally, different heart operations take different amounts of time and different surgeons take different amounts of time to do the same operation. In general, the risks of cardiopulmonary bypass include: damage to the heart, arrhythmias of the heart beat, damage to the brain, lungs and kidneys (temporary or permanent) due to altered blood flow to those organs during the procedure, and death. Myocardial protection with cardioplegai is extremely important, and the expertise of the perfusionists is paramount. Experience in the heart surgery team is extremely important. The clinical condition of the patient before surgery also factors into how well their body will tolerate the stresses of cardiopulmonary bypass.
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