Robotic surgery is an extension of laparoscopic or minimally invasive surgery where procedures are performed through tiny holes with a camera. During robotic surgery, the surgeon uses the assistance of a robot to operate on the patient through tiny holes in the abdomen instead of a large open incision. The robotic technology, consists of a surgeon's console that controls a tower with four working arms. One arm controls the three-dimensional camera's movement inside the body, while the remaining three arms hold specialized laparoscopic instruments. The robotic arms precisely replicate the surgeon's exact hand and finger movements from the console.
There are many applications of robotic surgery beyond urology, including gynecology, cardiac surgery, and gastrointestinal surgery.
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