Respiratory Disorders Expert Forum
definition
About This Forum:

This forum is for questions and support regarding lung and respiratory issues. such as: Allergies, Asthma, Bronchitis, Colds - Flu, Chronic Cough, COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Emphysema, Fibrosis, Lung Abscess, Nasal Polyps, Pleurisy, Pneumonia, Sarcoidosis, Sinusitis, Tuberculosis.

Font Size:
A
A
A
Background:
Blank
Blank
Blank
Blank Blank

definition

i would like to know what it is, the cause,treatment and the worst effects it can have on oneself
Related Discussions
251132_tn?1198082422
Pleurisy is irritation of the pleura, the sac that covers the lungs.  This causes a stabbing or sticking pain in the chest, which is felt more with deep breathing and coughing.  This can be caused by anything that reaches the covering of the lungs that should not be there, such as bacteria or viruses.
Antibiotics will help a bacterial infection, but will not help a viral infection.  On its own the body will treat a viral infection.  During this time it is important to treat the pain so that you are able to breath as normal as possible so that other problems do not start.  Two things that may help with the pain are an anti-inflammatory pill, like ibuprofen and heat, especially moist heat, like a bath or shower.
2 Comments
Blank
Avatar_n_tn
Here is some info about Pleurisy that I copied from the medline site:

Alternative names
Pleuritis

Definition
Inflammation of the pleural lining with subsequent pain.

Causes and risks
Pleurisy may develop in the presence of bacterial lung infections, upper respiratory infections, tuberculosis, rheumatoid diseases, and lung neoplasms. The main symptom is pain over the chest wall at the site of the inflammation. The pain is increased by deep breathing, coughing, and chest movement. The normally smooth pleural surfaces, now roughened by inflammation, rub together with each breath and may produce a rough grating sound called a "friction rub" which can be heard with the stethoscope or an ear held against the chest.

Fluid can accumulate at the site of pleural inflammation. A localized collection of fluid separates the lung pleura from the chest wall pleura causing the chest pain to disappear even though the illness may be worsening. Large accumulations of fluid compromise breathing and may cause coughing, shortness of breath with rapid breathing (tachypnea), and cyanosis, and retractions.

Prevention
Early treatment of bacterial respiratory infections can prevent pleuritis changes. No treatments are available for viral respiratory infections with the exception of amantadine for influenza.

Symptoms
recent or present respiratory illness with its symptoms
cough
fever
malaise
localized chest pain on the chest wall
pain with each breath
worsened by coughing
worsened by deep breathing

Signs and tests
Physical examination may show abnormal lung sounds:
a friction rub -- a rough scratchy sound that accompanies inspiration and expiration
rales (may be present if there is an accompanying pneumonia)
rhonchi (may be present with accompanying pneumonia or bronchitic process)
decreased breath sounds (may be present if there is a collection of fluid around the lung
Tests:
CBC (may help differentiate bacterial versus viral infection)
X-ray of the chest
ultrasound of the chest
thoracentesis (a collection of fluid from the pleural cavity)

Treatment
Treatment is determined by the precipitating illness. Bacterial infections are treated with appropriate antibiotics. Tuberculosis requires special treatment. Viral infections normally run their course without medications. Pleural fluid is often removed by thoracentesis, and evaluated for signs of infection.

Prognosis
Recovery depends on the nature of the illness. Recovery from infections of all types is generally good with treatment. Recovery from pleurisy cause by malignant disease is depends on the type and extent of the illness.

Complications    
breathing difficulty
complications associated with the precipitating illness
Blank
Continue discussion Blank
This Forum's Experts
242587_tn?1355427710
David Tinkelman, M.D.Blank
National Jewish Health
Denver, CO
Blank
Request an Appointment
MedHelp Health Answers
Blank
Asthma Tracker
Asthma Tracker
Start Tracking Now
Blank
Allergy Tracker
Allergy Tracker
Start Tracking Now
RSS Expert Activity
242532_tn?1269553979
Blank
How to Silence Your Inner Critic an...
Apr 16 by Roger Gould, M.D.Blank
242532_tn?1269553979
Blank
Emotional Eaters: How to Silence Yo...
Mar 26 by Roger Gould, M.D.Blank
1344197_tn?1392822771
Blank
Vaginal vs. Laparoscopic Hysterecto...
Feb 19 by J. Kyle Mathews, MD, DVMBlank