An enlarged pituitary gland can cause multiple symptoms throughout the body. Several medical conditions can be responsible for the pituitary gland becoming enlarged. Once an enlarged pituitary gland is suspected, the patient is typically referred to an endocrinologist for evaluation and treatment. Treatments can include anything from medication to surgery.
The pituitary gland regulates hormones throughout the body. Symptoms of an enlarged gland include frequent headaches, disturbances in vision, excessive sweating, and blood pressure irregularities. In addition, the pituitary gland can interfere with thyroid functioning. Drooping eyelids, nausea, and vomiting are also indicators of an enlarged pituitary gland.
Endocrinologists usually diagnose enlarged pituitary glands. A primary care physician will usually refer the patient to the specialist when an enlarged gland is suspected. Diagnosis is made through blood testing, medical history, symptom charting, and an MRI scan or CT scan of the brain. Once an enlarged gland is discovered, the search for a cause and treatment begins.
Treating an enlarged pituitary gland involves treating the cause. If there is a tumor in the gland, surgical removal of the tumor or radiation treatments are in order. If there is bleeding into the gland, the cause of bleeding is located and the bleeding is stopped. Diseases causing the gland to enlarge receive treatment that typically reduces the gland. If the gland is enlarged due to inadequate or overproduction of hormones, hormone therapy is prescribed. In any case, treatment is available despite the diagnosis! Take care ...
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