I don't know if this will help you or not, but this is what I found out when I researched the results of my own urinalysis:
Yellow = Concentrated urine
Usually clear to yellow. As a general rule, The more yellow, the more concentrated. Some drugs (such as rifampin) will color urine (rifampin orange, for example), and abnormally colored urine will give false readings on the dipstick labs, which rely on color for their interpretation.
Urine transparency (turbidity). Urine normally is clear. Semen, mucus, and lipid may cause turbidity in normal urine. Increased numbers of cells, crystals, casts, or organisms can increase the turbidity of urine in disease conditions. Some physicians prefer the term “turbidity” instead of “transparency,” but both terms are acceptable.
Ph 5.5 Appears to be normal
Urinary pH can range from 4.5 to 8 but normally is slightly acidic (i.e., 5.5 to 6.5) because of metabolic activity. Ingestion of proteins and acidic fruits (e.g., cranberries) can cause acidic urine, and diets high in citrate can cause alkaline urine.15-17 Urinary pH generally reflects the serum pH, except in patients with renal tubular acidosis (RTA). The inability to acidify urine to a pH of less than 5.5 despite an overnight fast and administration of an acid load is the hallmark of RTA. In type I (distal) RTA, the serum is acidic but the urine is alkaline, secondary to an inability to secrete protons into the urine. Type II (proximal) RTA is characterized by an inability to reabsorb bicarbonate. This situation initially results in alkaline urine, but as the filtered load of bicarbonate decreases, the urine becomes more acidic.
Determination of urinary pH is useful in the diagnosis and management of UTIs and calculi. Alkaline urine in a patient with a UTI suggests the presence of a urea-splitting organism, which may be associated with magnesium-ammonium phosphate crystals and can form staghorn calculi. Uric acid calculi are associated with acidic urine.
Specific Gravity: 1.010 Appears to be normal
Urinary specific gravity (USG) correlates with urine osmolality and gives important insight into the patient's hydration status. It also reflects the concentrating ability of the kidneys. Normal USG can range from 1.003 to 1.030; a value of less than 1.010 indicates relative hydration, and a value greater than 1.020 indicates relative dehydration.14 Increased USG is associated with glycosuria and the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone; decreased USG is associated with diuretic use, diabetes insipidus, adrenal insufficiency, aldosteronism, and impaired renal function.14 In patients with intrinsic renal insufficiency, USG is fixed at 1.010-the specific gravity of the glomerular filtrate.
pus cell: 3-6
Normal value for pus cells in urine is 0-5/hpf (Pus cells are white blood cells)
epithelia cells: few
Epithelial cells often are present in the urinary sediment. Squamous epithelial cells are large and irregularly shaped, with a small nucleus and fine granular cytoplasm; their presence suggests contamination. The presence of transitional epithelial cells is normal. These cells are smaller and rounder than squamous cells, and they have larger nuclei. The presence of renal tubule cells indicates significant renal pathology (Figure 2). Erythrocytes are best visualized under high-power magnification. Dysmorphic erythrocytes, which have odd shapes because of their passage through an abnormal glomerulus, suggest glomerular disease.
According to the American Urological Association, the presence of three or more red blood cells (RBCs) per high-powered field (HPF) in two of three urine samples is the generally accepted definition of hematuria.18-20 The dipstick test for blood detects the peroxidase activity of erythrocytes. However, myoglobin and hemoglobin also will catalyze this reaction, so a positive test result may indicate hematuria, myoglobinuria, or hemoglobinuria. Visualization of intact erythrocytes on microscopic examination of the urinary sediment can distinguish hematuria from other conditions. Microscopic examination also may detect RBC casts or dysmorphic RBCs. Hematuria is divided into glomerular, renal (i.e., nonglomerular), and urologic etiologies (Table 4).21
Pretty self explanatory – you have a high presence of bacteria in your urine which is indicative of an infection of some sort (UTI)
Glucose spilling into the urine indicates a serum glucose of >180. People with normal kidneys and normal glucose metabolism do not have glucose in their urine (they may have 1+ immediately after a high carb meal).
Urine protein results always must be interpreted in conjunction with specific gravity. A small amount of protein normally is present in urine and may be detected in concentrated urine. Many false positive protein tests occur, especially with alkaline urine. The protein test detects mainly albumin. Physiologic (prerenal) proteinuria may result from excessive muscular exertion, convulsions, or excess protein ingestion. Pathologic proteinuria may be prerenal (hemoglobinuria, myoglobinuria), renal (glomerular or tubular), or postrenal (urogenital hemorrhage or inflammation). A sulfosalicylic acid precipitation test may be done to confirm the presence of proteinuria. This test is more sensitive and specific than the dipstick test.
Amorphous Urates/phosphates: many
Uric acid crystallizes in the orthorombic system. Uric acid crystals can appear under several shapes. The classic crystals are thin rhombus shaped plates with more or less eroded tops. The other forms are the hexagonal plate, the needle and the rosette. Uric acid crystals usually have a characteristic yellow color. The intensity of the color depends on the thickness of the crystal, thus very thin plates seem colorless, while the massive crystals have a color that tends to be brown. Under polarized light, uric acid shows a polarization color, and with thicker crystals, a series of concentric black lines. The color variation seen under polarized light is quite typical of uric acid. With rare exceptions, uric acid crystals are of little clinical value and represent a punctual situation.
your pus cell count is super high! I think you better get a prescription on your doctor to treat you. My pus cell count before is 10-15 and the doctor said it's high already and he let me took antibiotics then after a week I came back, the pus cells' count became 3-6. Usually, normal people has no pus cells/leukocytes in urine. Having high number of pus cells indicates that you have lots of bacteria and you are suspected of bacterial infection
pls. interpret this urinalysis...
female, 49 yrs old
specific gravity: 1.000
Ph : 5.0
Pus cell: 8-12
thanks a lot
hi!help me with my results please
Crystal:calcium oxalate: few
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