HI, Urinary frequency can be caused by a number of problems. A urinary tract infection is a common cause of frequency and everyone with frequency needs to have a urine checked for infection. Blood in the urine can be a sign of a kidney stone in the ureter or other serious bladder problems like a tumor. If the urine is clear of infection or blood, the most common cause of urinary frequency and urgency is overactive bladder. Its a common problem, especially as people get older. Urgency is the driving symptom, which causes the frequent voiding, often getting up at night to urinate, and about one-third of patients can't make it to the bathroom in time and have urge incontinence. Other more complicated problems require a specialist evaluation. Your aunt's primary care doctor or gynecologist should be able to do a basic work up and start her on treatment. There are a number of medications for overactive bladder that are very effective in controling the symptoms. Good Luck.
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