Just remember that all of you are different and will be listening to
different doctors and recovering patients, this research is a broad
look at cysts and one size does not fir all.
Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid or a semisolid material that develop on or within the ovary.
The most common type of ovarian cyst is called a functional cyst,
which often forms during the normal menstrual cycle. Each month, a
woman's ovaries grow tiny cysts that hold the eggs. When an egg is
mature, the sac breaks open to release the egg, so it can travel
through the fallopian tube for fertilization. Then the sac dissolves.
In one type of functional cyst, called a follicular cyst,
the sac does not break open to release the egg and may continue to
grow. This type of cyst usually disappears within 1 to 3 months.
A corpus luteum cyst,
another type of functional cyst, forms if the sac does not dissolve.
Instead, the sac seals off after the egg is released. Fluid then builds
up inside of it. This type of cyst usually goes away on its own after a
few weeks. However, it can grow to almost 4 inches and may bleed or
twist the ovary and cause pain. Clomid or Serophene, which are drugs
used to induce ovulation, can raise the risk of developing this type of
cyst. These cysts are almost never associated with cancer.
Other types of ovarian cysts include the following:
cysts develop in women who have endometriosis, when tissue from the
lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus. The tissue may attach
to the ovary and form a growth. These cysts can be painful during
sexual intercourse and during menstruation.
cysts develop from cells on the outer surface of the ovary. They are
often filled with a watery fluid or thick, sticky gel. They can become
large and cause pain.
Dermoid cysts: The cells in the
ovary are able to make hair, teeth, and other growing tissues that
become part of a forming ovarian cyst. These cysts can become large and
Polycystic ovaries: This condition occurs
when the eggs mature within the follicles, or sacs, but the sac does
not break open to release the egg. The cycle repeats, follicles
continue to grow inside the ovary, and cysts form.
ovarian cysts usually occur during the childbearing years. Most often,
cysts in women of this age group are not cancerous. Women who are
postmenopausal and develop ovarian cysts have a higher risk of ovarian
Many women with ovarian cysts do not display any symptoms. However, a cyst will sometimes cause the following:
pressure, bloating, fullness, or pain in the abdomen;
dull ache in the lower back and thighs;
problems passing urine completely or urinary urgency;
pain during sexual intercourse;
painful menstrual periods and abnormal bleeding;
nausea or vomiting; and
Because ovarian cysts may not cause symptoms, they are usually
found during a routine pelvic examination. During this examination, a
physician may be able to feel the swelling of the cyst on an ovary.
a cyst is found, ultrasonography is indicated to visualize the shape of
the cyst, its size and location, and whether it is fluid-filled, solid,
or mixed. A pregnancy test is also indicated. Hormone levels (such as
luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, estradiol, and
testosterone) may also be assessed.
To determine whether a
cyst might be cancerous, CA-125 levels should be measured. The amount
of this protein is higher if a woman has ovarian cancer. However, some
ovarian cancers do not produce enough CA-125 to be detected by the
test. In addition, other noncancerous diseases such as uterine fibroids
and endometriosis can increase the levels of CA-125.
noncancerous causes of increased CA-125 are more common in women
younger than 35 years of age, whereas ovarian cancer is very uncommon
in this age group. For this reason, the CA-125 test is recommended
mostly for women over the age of 35 years, who are at high risk for the
disease and have a cyst that is partially solid.
The Content on this Site is presented in a summary fashion, and is intended to be used for educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to be and should not be interpreted as medical advice or a diagnosis of any health or fitness problem, condition or disease; or a recommendation for a specific test, doctor, care provider, procedure, treatment plan, product, or course of action. Med Help International, Inc. is not a medical or healthcare provider and your use of this Site does not create a doctor / patient relationship. We disclaim all responsibility for the professional qualifications and licensing of, and services provided by, any physician or other health providers posting on or otherwise referred to on this Site and/or any Third Party Site. Never disregard the medical advice of your physician or health professional, or delay in seeking such advice, because of something you read on this Site. We offer this Site AS IS and without any warranties. By using this Site you agree to the following Terms and Conditions. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your physician or 911 immediately.