Bleeding disorders (Clotting disorders/hypercoagulability)-The body usually forms a blood clot to stop the bleeding
when you get hurt. Cells called platelets and proteins known as clotting
factors are required for blood to clot. If you have a bleeding disorder, you
either do not have enough platelets or clotting factors or they do not work the
way they should. Bleeding disorders can be the side effect of medicines, the
result of other diseases (e.g., severe liver disease), or inherited (e.g.,
are made by your bone marrow, and they help heal wounds by forming blood clots.
Having too many or too few platelets, or platelets that do not work properly,
can result in platelet disorders. Too few platelets puts a person at risk for
mild to serious bleeding, and too many can lead to a higher risk of blood
clots. Treatment of platelet disorders depends upon the cause.
Anemia- If you
have anemia, your blood does not carry enough oxygen to the rest of your body.
The most common cause of anemia is an iron deficiency. The body requires iron
to create hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein which gives blood its color and
carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. Iron deficiency can be
the result of pregnancy, ulcers, colon cancer, colon polyps, heavy periods, an
iron-deficient diet or inherited disorders. Anemia can also be the result of
folic acid and vitamin B-12 deficiencies, as well as other blood disorders like
cancer and thalassemia. The disorder can make a person feel cold, dizzy, weak,
and irritable. It is confirmed with a blood test, and its treatment depends on
the kind of anemia you have.
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material is provided for information purposes only and does not necessarily
represent endorsement by or an official position of the National Institute of Neurological
Disorders and Stroke, the National Library of Medicine, or any other Federal
agency. Advice on the treatment or care of an individual patient should be
obtained through consultation with a physician who has examined that patient or
is familiar with that patient's medical history.
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