occurs when tissues that usually grow inside uterus instead grow on the
outside. These tissues often grow on the surfaces of organs in the
pelvis or abdomen, where they are not supposed to grow.
is one of the most common gynecological diseases, affecting more than
5.5 million women in North America. An estimated 2 percent to 10
percent of women of reproductive age have endometriosis.
What are the symptoms of endometriosis?
The two most common symptoms of endometriosis are pain and infertility.
Symptoms can include:
Pain before or after menstrual periods, as well as during or after sex
Lower back, intestinal, or pelvic pain
Heavy menstrual periods, or spotting and bleeding between periods
Painful bowel movements or painful urination during menstrual periods
- About 30 percent to 40 percent of women with endometriosis are
infertile, making it one of the top three causes for female infertility
In most cases, the symptoms of endometriosis become milder after menopause because the growths begin to get smaller.
What are the treatments for endometriosis?
is currently no cure for endometriosis. But a variety of treatment
options exist, and there are ways to minimize the symptoms caused by
There are several ways to treat pain, including:
Pain medication – may be used to relieve symptoms
Hormone therapy – may be used to control the growth of endometriosis
Surgery – may be used to remove growths or control the size of very large endometriosis and to relieve pain.
treatments and surgery may help women who are unable to become
pregnant. There are also other treatments for infertility associated
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