is often considered a period of increased risk for depression in women.
Some women report mood swings, irritability, tearfulness, anxiety, and
feelings of despair in the years leading up to menopause. But the
reason for these emotional problems isn’t always clear. Research shows
that menopausal symptoms such as sleep problems, hot flashes, night
sweats, and fatigue can affect mood and well-being. The drop in
estrogen levels during perimenopause and menopause might also affect
mood. Or it could be a combination of hormone changes and menopausal
But changes in mood also can have causes
that are unrelated to menopause. If you are having emotional problems
that are interfering with your quality of life, it is important to
discuss them with your doctor. Talk openly with your doctor about the
other things going on in your life that might be adding to your
feelings. Other things that could cause feelings of depression and/or
anxiety during menopause include:
Having depression before menopause
Feeling negative about menopause and getting older
Having severe menopausal symptoms
Not being physically active
Not being happy in your relationship or not being in a relationship
Not having a job
Not having enough money
Having low self-esteem (how you feel about yourself)
Not having the social support you need
Feeling disappointed that you can't have children anymore
you need treatment for these symptoms, you and your doctor can work
together to find a treatment that is best for you. Depression during
perimenopause and menopause is treated in much the same way as
depression that strikes at any other time life. If your mood is
affecting your quality of life, here are a few things you can do:
to get enough sleep. Go to bed and wake up at the same times every day.
Keep you room cool and dark. Use your bed only for sleeping and sex.
Avoid alcohol, caffeine, large meals, or physical activity before bed.
Engage in physical activity for at least 30 minutes on most days of the week.
limits for yourself, and look for positive ways to unwind and ease
daily stress. Try relaxation techniques, reading a book, or spending
some quiet time outdoors.
Talk to your friends who are in
perimenopause or menopause or go to a support group for women who are
going through the same thing as you. You also can get counseling to
talk through your problems and fears.
Ask your doctor
about therapy or medicines. Menopausal hormone therapy can reduce
symptoms that might be causing your moodiness. Antidepressants might
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