Uses: Exenatide is used along with other oral diabetes medications (e.g., metformin, chlorpropamide, glipizide, glyburide) and a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent diabetes). Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke. Exenatide acts like the natural blood sugar-lowering hormone called incretin. It works in several ways, especially by stimulating the release of the body's natural insulin in response to high sugar levels after a meal, thereby lowering your blood sugar. Exenatide is not a substitute for insulin if you require insulin treatment. This medication should not be used in patients with Type 1 diabetes or for the treatment of extremely high blood sugars (diabetic ketoacidosis).
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