"Dear H Kongar,
This is a gross misunderstanding of the concept of a murmur. A murmur is is the term that is used when describing a sound created by turbulence of blood flow in the heart or related vessels. Thus, there is no such thi..."
"Dear Three and a half,
So a couple of things come up with this...first, there is no data that aortic root dilation IN PATIENTS WHO HAVE HAD CARDIAC SURGERY is at risk for later dissection. There has only been one study that I have se..."
A 6 mm ventricular septal defect is typically considered moderate in size. I am not sure how the shunt you are quoting was calculated, unless she had a cardiac catheterization; echocardiographic estimates of shun..."
Cardiac enlargement during pregnancy can be due to several things. It can be due to obstruction of the heart. It can also be due to an abnormal heart rhythm, anemia, or an infection of the fetus. It will be very imp..."
A patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a flap valve that all babies have when they are in utero (in the uterus). After the baby is born, it typically closes on its own. However, 20-25% of all adults have it remain open. Witho..."
A 6 mm ventricular septal defect is typically considered moderate in size. I am not sure how the shunt you are quoting was calculated, unless she had a cardiac catheterization; echocardiographic estimates of shunt..."
Pulmonary atresia with VSD (also known as tetralogy of Fallot with VSD) is a very difficult diagnosis to deal with. In essence, the branch pulmonary arteries are often exceedingly small or even nonexistent, and the lung..."
Obviously, without seeing your son's studies and evaluating him, I cannot say what needs to happen here. Typically, we do not intervene here unless there is significant (moderate or severe aortic valve insufficiency) whe..."
I have to say that I am not actually a big fan of these free heart screening programs, honestly. They are sometimes run by pediatric cardiologists, but sometimes by adult cardiologists who don't always understand pedia..."
I don't know the exact nature of the arrhythmias that were noted, so I can't say for sure. However, during the second trimester, it is quite common for isolated or single early beats (premature atrial contractions and pr..."
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