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A soothing home pedicure routine for people with diabetes
Wash your feet every day.
- Wash your feet in warm, not hot, water. Do not soak your feet because your skin will get dry.
- Before bathing or showering, test the water to make sure it is not too hot. You can use a thermometer (90° to 95° F is safe) or your elbow to test the water.
- Use talcum powder or cornstarch to keep the skin between your toes dry to prevent infection.
Smooth corns and calluses gently.
- Thick patches of skin called corns or calluses can grow on the feet. If you have corns or calluses, check with your foot doctor about the best way to care for them.
- If your doctor tells you to, use a pumice stone to smooth corns and calluses after bathing or showering. A pumice stone is a type of rock used to smooth the skin. Rub gently, only in one direction, to avoid tearing the skin.
- Do not cut corns and calluses.
- Do not use razor blades, corn plasters, or liquid corn and callus removers — they can damage your skin and cause an infection.
If you can see, reach, and feel your feet, trim your toenails regularly.
- Trim your toenails with nail clippers after you wash and dry your feet.
- Trim your toenails straight across and smooth the corners with an emery board or nail file. This prevents the nails from growing into the skin. Do not cut into the corners of the toenail.
- Have a foot doctor trim your toenails if:
- you cannot see or feel your feet
- you cannot reach your feet
- your toenails are thick or yellowed
- your nails curve and grow into the skin
Published on February 12, 2015.
Source: National Diabetes Education Program. August 1, 2012.