Sorry it has been hard. I'm sure your dad has hurt you with his words and outbursts. I'm a parent. I am not perfect. I work hard to control myself but know that my words and actions have probably hurt my kids from time to time. I'm hoping that my good moments outweigh those bad moments. :>)
Most people in the world have imperfect parents that do stupid things or hurt us. I have my own parental issues with my dad. What we have to do is rise above. Learn how we do NOT want to be and work to be that better person. You don't really need to cause a big family rift. You do take money from your dad for your schooling so are still dependent on him. You can try to talk to him during a moment in which you are getting along and things are calm and just say "I feel really hurt when you say X". Tell him how hard you are trying. And as you become independent of him, you can set a boundary. He either treats you in a way you find appropriate, or you leave. Minimize contact if need be. It's sad when it comes to that. If you can, maybe figuring out your school financing on your own is a helpful answer. What do people who don't have parents to sign loans do to get school paid for in your country? In mine, students can take out their own student loans. They pay them back after they begin working. So, that would put you in a better position to be free of your dad.
So, in answer, I don't know if he is abusive or not. But you are almost an adult and out of his control. Focus on how you are going to get there and what your adult relationship will look like. good luck