No, you an get bone spurs any time, and not necessarily due to trauma (injury). Depending on where the bone spur is located is where I would recommend going to the the doctor. Where is it located and does it bother you? Has it been documented on X-ray that it is a bone spur?
If its bone spurs on foot see podiatrist
Sorry it took to long to get back to you as I had no Internet. Yes, see either a Podiatrist or an Ortho Foot/Ankle specialist.