Reliance on Best-Practice Guidelines
Psychologists must be current with the research literature regarding learning disabilities and other syndromes and difficulties that may adversely affect the child's functioning at school.
When the professional's knowledge base is weak or faulty or when the psychologist's belief about what constitutes a particular disability, such as dyslexia, is incorrect and unsupported by research literature, inaccurate interpretation of test data and inappropriate recommendations typically result.
Current research, for example, indicates that dyslexia is a language-based learning disorder characterized by insufficiencies in phoneme awareness, phonological memory and rapid naming. Dyslexic children typically evidence considerable information processing strength in listening comprehension, which should be used as the metric for measuring aptitude to predict the child's ability to achieve.
Psychologists who are aware of current best practice guidelines for assessing dyslexia know that the assessment must contain measures of phonological processing, rapid naming, phonological memory, nonsense word reading, real word reading, reading comprehension, spelling and written expression.
Psychologists who are also aware of best practice guidelines for intervention with dyslexia know that synthetic, phonetic, code emphasis instruction is recommended for children who have language-based learning disorders of the dyslexic type.
For each type of learning disability, syndrome and disorder that may adversely affect a child's educational functioning, there exists a body or research literature and best practice guidelines for assessment and intervention.
About Margaret Kay
Margaret J. Kay, Ed.D., NCSP, DABPS, has been employed as a private practice psychologist in Lancaster, Pennsylvania since 1980. Areas of specialization include:
Educational and school psychology
IEP planning and implementation
Vocational transition planning
Psychotherapy for children & adults
Dr. Kay has been relied upon by parents, schools, physicians, colleges, educational counselors, mental health agencies and vocational rehabilitation specialists to provide comprehensive psychoeducational evaluations for children and adults.
Dr. Kay has testified as an expert witness in State and Federal educational due process hearings and is frequently retained by parents and schools to perform Independent Educational Evaluations (IEEs). Disabilities served include:
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Asperger's Syndrome (AS)
High Functioning Autism (HFA)
Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities (NLD)
Disorders of Comprehension
Tourette Syndrome (TS)
Disorders of Written Expression
In addition to her work in educational psychology and child neuropsychology, Dr. Kay and her staff provide a variety of related professional psychological and educational services including:
Psychotherapy for children, adolescents & adults
Psychotherapy for trauma victims
Professional presentations & training programs
Cognitive retraining for dyslexia & related learning disabilities
Individualized tutorials for learning disabled children & adults
Margaret J. Kay, Ed.D. Psychologist
2818 Lititz Pike
Lancaster, PA 17601-3322
Phone: (717) 569-6223