Being an engineer I believe that all phenomena are governed by equations only. Causality is my principle. Now after years of reading, contemplating my illness I came to the following conclusions:
At firt: Emil Kraepelin theory (father of BP):
High mood + High energy = Mania
Low mood + Low energy = Depression
Low mood + High energy = mixed states, person is irritable, angry, having rage, he is suffocated (worst phase and very difficult to resolve, shoemakers - I mean pdocs - are bewildered thus giving it names like dysphoric mania, agitated depression, totally illogic of course because you can't mix mania with depression)
Bipolar people oscillate continuously between the above 3 phases, because their thermostat is broken.
Moreover, people will tell you that BP2 is better than BP1 because the issue in the former is depression while in the latter is psychosis. Usually you start by being depressed and the shoemaker - who is lazy enough in not to think about the case thoroughly, and having so many other patients making him earn a good living - doesn't give himself a chance of reflexions to check whether this is unipolar depression or bipolar one, so the automatic response for the 5 minutes meeting with him is to write to you an antidepressant. If you are lucky he may add an AP to cover it up. If not, he drives you manic so when you go to see him again he labels you with BP. Of course the symptoms get worse. You struggle to combat mania (although they tell you, I mean the shoemakers, it will extinguish itself with time, but by then you will lose control over your brain). The best drug in this case is a typical AP and not an atypical one, eventually you land in depression, Only the fortunate patient lands smoothly. But then you need to stand up again, hence the vicious circle. But worse the kindling effect due to the repeated episodes.
I happened to have posted a few years ago saying: if no depression, no BP, this view I still hold. If you don't have depression, you don't need an AD, so no mania. Only very few cases in which the person is manic by himself or better hypomanic, usually most if not all of the cases are a mistake of the pdocs, an abuse of the drugs.
Now the illness is called mood disorder and not energy disorder because it's the mood where lies the clue, although the mixture of both is crucial. Mood stabilizers' job is to maintain the mood stable. OK, but the 3 conventional and historical musketeers (lithium, tegretol, depakote) are plenty of side effects so are the rest of the drugs of course. Besides, they were originally designed to stop the mania, why?, for the angry people, dangerous, etc…. Perhaps lamictal helps depression !! Coming to BP2, mostly depressed so there is no solution except an antidepressant, but this is not a solution as I said. Usually the guy after a while turns into BP1 after abuse of the AD. He has mixed states. The trick is to lower your dopamine but without lowering your mood. An atypical AP is not bad here.
Now BP is very difficult to resolve, except ONE day if they discover an antidepressant that doesn't drive you manic in order to up your mood. Only then this illness is resolved. So to help yourself until then (if this occurs one day) is to combat depression if you have some energy of course to spend by sports, eating fish, supplements, tryptophan etc.. but beware of AD's as much as you can. Taking an AD is equivalent to saying make me alive today and I accept that you kill me tomorrow.