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Please give proper advise for controlling blood sugar

Hi
  My mother has been suffering from diabetes from last 7 years. Before 7 years she has blood sugar range from 250 to 375.But since from last 4 years Blood sugar remains in control (fasting varies from 72 to 111). As regular consumtion of diabetic medicines, she has been facing many problems regarding  joints pain in legs, decreasing in haemoglobin content in blood( varies from 8.5 to 11).Legs swell. Please refer proper treatement and medicines, so that she will be healthy very soon. Currently she has been taking Ozomet PG drug for controlling blood sugar.
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133273 tn?1201546209
MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL
Hi.  I'm not a medical professional, just the parent of a kid with type 1diabetes.  Is your mother just measuring fasting glucose, or is she checking her blood sugars prior to every meal?  If she's not doing, she should be.  That could explain the higher a1c's as well.  Your mother is a type 2 diabetic, it sounds like, because of the type of medication you mention that she's on.  Type 2 is different from type 1, in that with type 1 it takes insulin to control the diabetes, and with type 2 it's primarily controlled by diet and exercise.  Sometimes type 2's need pills to help their body remember how to use the insulin that it is creating, and that is where your mother is.  

The two best things to do, besides testing more often to know where blood sugars are, would be to change her diet so that she eats better.  Fewer carbs, foods with less fat content, better quality and less food.  The other best thing would be to get more exercise.  Exercise will not only make a person feel better in general, but it will help lower blood sugars, because exercise uses the glucose in the body without the need for insulin.  

The complications you note are likely because of the extended period of high blood sugars prior to beginning treatment for diabetes.  The effects can be put off by controlling blood sugars well, but the complications are there, unfortunately.  So I would recommend just continuing to work closely with your doctor on treating the complications, and then I recommending testing more often, changing diet, and getting more exercise.  Good luck.
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