Avatar universal


Hello. I am trying to do some lifestyle changes including nutrition, but I have some doubts.
1. I read that carbohydrates are the main source of energy, so it is important to eat some amount of carbohydrates daily so the body is able to function. There are different types of carbohydrates. For example breads, pasta, potatoes and rice and then there are vegetables and fruits. Can I obtain my carbohydrate intake just by eating (vegetables and fruits), or is it important that I also eat (breads, pasta, potatoes and rice in small quantities)?. Or do I have to eliminate them completely from my diet????
2. I do not understand the exact relation between the amount of carbohydrates taken and the glicemic index. Could I eat food of low glicemic index, and still obtain the amount of carbohydrates required daily???? Does high glicemic index means more carbohydrates??? or there is no direct relationship between both???
Best Answer
231441 tn?1333892766

It is quite safe to limit carbohydrates. However, this will mean that protein and fat intake will need to be increased to ensure adequate calories.

Research Low carb diet and diabetes and you will come up with a lot of infomation.

You should avoid all refined and processed carbs. This means that your best source of carbs are vegetables (rahter than bread, rice, pasta etc). With diabetes, fruits also need to be limited (particularly the sweet tropical fruits) as they are high in sugar.  

If you do eat foods like rice and bread, you should eat brown rice and wholegrain bread.   As foods with more fibre will slow absorption.  But still only eat in moderation.  Make s ure you eat fat and protein with your carbs. This will also slow absorption.

I usually don't eat any grains, fruits or starchy vegetables.  But I eat nuts, meats, eggs, avocado, all vegeteables except corn and potatoes, dairy. I do drink wine in moderation.  I am doing fine and feeling great on this diet.  I would normally eat about 50 - 70 g of carbs per day.  My blood sugars can be well controlled on this diet, without medication.

In high glycaemic index foods, the carbohydrates are broken down very quickly, and have bigger impact on blood sugar than lower GI foods.  Ie. beans and bagel.  Bagel is high GI and will have more impact on blood sugar than beans, which are low GI - even considering they have the same amount of total carbs.
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Avatar universal
THANK YOU SO MUCH! I´ll check the trackers.

When you say that when eating carbs is all about finding what you tolerate, does that mean everyone with sugar problems tolerate different kinds of carbohydrates differently???

For example is there someone who tolerates banana differently from another person? or high glicemic foods like banana affect everyone the same way?
Helpful - 0
231441 tn?1333892766
You can look for carbohydrate counters on line.  Here on this site they have trackers.  This includes a food tracker.  If you start a meal tracker for yourself you can enter each food you eat or plan to eat and it will tell you how many carbs are in it (also how many fat and protein grams, and calories). To get your trackers go the the top of the screen and click on "My Med Help", click on "Trackers" and you will come up with a list of trackers, you can then add the meal tracker.

I don't know how big you are, but most likely you'd need somewhere around 2,000 calories a day.

Blood sugar control when eating carbs is all about find what you tolerate.  As WaveRider said, test after each meal and you will learn what you can and can't eat.

Lower carb fruits such as berries, apples, stone fruits tend to have lower impact than fruits like pineapple, banana, melons, mango.
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Avatar universal
Thank you, I will test, test, test, to see which carbohydrates I tolerate the most.
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Avatar universal
Thank you so much. Super useful information!.
I will try to eat more vegetables as carbohydrate source instead of rice, pasta, etc.
Concerning fruits, I do eat a lot of fruits, maybe I would want to cut fruit intake.
You mentioned you eat 50 - 70 g of carbs per day. How do you measure the carbs? I have no idea the carb content in each food
Helpful - 0
141598 tn?1355671763

1. "is it important that I also eat (breads, pasta, potatoes and rice in small quantities)?"
Yes, eating these foods in small quantities is possible. But to each individual what is considered small, medium and large may differ. What you may consider small to another person may be medium. You must test preprandial and postprandial to see how much, if any, you can tolerate.

2. The difference between simple and complex carbs can be found on the GI. The main point to remember here is that foods with high glycemic index values [simple carbs] should be avoided or taken in moderation while foods with low GI values [complex carbs] are considered a healthier option.

Those foods that have high GI values tend to release large amounts of glucose in the blood stream more quickly as compared to those that have low GI values. As a result, the foods with high GI values cause your glucose to rise much faster than the foods low on the GI. Also, eat fruits with other foods to slow the absorption of fructose, fruit sugar.

In a nutshell:
High GI = simple carbs = high glucose levels
Low GI = complex carbs = low to moderate glucose levels

The key is test, test, test until you know which foods does what to your glucose levels. Then you will know what to avoid and what to enjoy.
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