Some translocations are more common than others. We recommend that you meet with a genetic counselor who would be able to assess the recurrence risk for a chromosome abnormality based on your specific translocation (for example - the breakpoints), personal history, family history and maternal age.
Regarding preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD; also called preimplantation testing), PGD is used to detect genetic changes in embryos that were created using assisted reproductive techniques such as in-vitro fertilization. In-vitro fertilization involves removing egg cells from a woman's ovaries and fertilizing them with sperm cells outside the body. To perform preimplantation testing, a small number of cells are taken from these embryos and tested for certain genetic changes.
PGD can reduce the risk of having a child with a particular genetic or chromosomal disorder but does not completely eliminate it. Diagnostic testing, such as a CVS or amniocentesis, is also often offered even when a couple undergoes PGD.
PGD is typically only available through an in person genetic consultation involving a medical geneticist and/or genetic counselor. You can find a medical geneticist at the American College of Medical Genetics website. You can find a genetic counselor at the National Society of Genetic Counselors or through companies like mine, AccessDNA. You can also find more information about chromosome translocations and PGD at AccessDNA.