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Avatar universal

Hear valve diagnosis for surgery

I was scheduled for open heart surgery to correct leaking mitral and tricuspid valves, both leaking at a 3+ rate.  Last week a heart catherization was performed and the Dr. doing that said my heart appeared sound and healthy.  He suggested I undergo a stress echocardiagram which is scheduled for tomorrow to verify diagnosis and be sure surgery is necessary.  I'm at a loss as to why this test was not performed prior to surgery if it was necessary.  The other Drs. had done repeat echos as well as TEE's.  Can the heart appear perfectly healthy during a cath and two valves still be faulty?  I have been experiencing increasing shortness of breath that make stepclimbing very difficult for me.  Would appreciate your input.
3 Responses
242508 tn?1287427246
MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL
Echocardiography (TTE and TEE) is much better in evaluating cardiac valves when compared to cardiac catheterization.  The catheterization does not evalute the mitral valve well, and it doesn't even look at the tricuspid valve.  All that can be well assessed from cardiac catheterization is the LV function (EF) and the coronary arteries.  Keep in mind that a normal EF in someone with severe mitral regurgitation may already be a sign of needing surgery as a heart with a normal EF and a leaky mitral valve isn't really normal any more.  When someone has a leaky valve their ejection fraction should be super normal, because a lot of blood is leaking back to the atrium and not going to the aorta.  The fact that you are having lots of exertional shortness of breath is also a sign for surgery.  The stress test that your other doctor wants to order is not completely unnecessary.  In some situations, it is not easy to assess someone's symptoms and correlate them with a specific condition. When one performs a stress echocardiography, they can get objective evidence of what happens to the valve and the pulmonary pressures during exertion.  Again, it is not a necessary test in your sistuation, but your doctor wants to be 100% sure that surgery is indicated.    
Avatar universal
I 'm a 38yrs having almost the same signs &symptoms. My Dr said my EF=50% to 55%. I am very nervous.  
Avatar universal
A related discussion, How to know when valvue needs replacement was started.
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