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Avatar universal

Induced blockage to test collateral strenght

Background - I have a blocked RCA (for a long time) and two partly (80%) blocked LDAs (three years ago).  Angina slight pain kicks in only after great exertion and stops immediately when exertion ends or is slowed.  Other details not important. Bypass recommended, but refused because of good collateral.

Question - Recently thought... wonder if it is possible to test/simulate what would happen if one or both my LDA would block completely. Each one in turne, then both.  Why?  If my heart continued function almost normally that would mean that collaterals are very good and and would avoid an heart attack, or at least get plenty of warning.
Has anybody ever thought of this or attempted do do it.  Thanks
23 Responses
976897 tn?1379171202
To do such a test would could be devastating or lethal. If you block your arteries, you feel a lot of chest pain, as you do with ballooning during an angioplasty. This is because your heart muscle is being deprived of oxygen. To close your arteries for a few minutes may or may not be adequate time for collaterals to form. In some people they never do, and in some people collaterals form too late, when the MI has destroyed much valuable tissue. In most cases, collateral development is gradual, when the pressure gradients in the coronary arteries begin to alter to a certain level. This could even occur when blockages are 70% or more, but less than 100%. You could already have collaterals, given that you only feel symptoms at great exertion. As your blockage increases, maybe you will form more. As each person is different, you cannot predict such things, and there is no accurate simulation apart from actually causing the event in real time. But at what cost.
1346447 tn?1327866172
Please let me know your LVEF.I too was adviced bypass as angio showed all vessles blockages at beginning and at ends about from 60 % to 90%. I do not have chaste pain even on exersion. On second openion I managed with medicine only. Now it is almost ten months. I too have developed colaterals. I fail how colaterals are not accounted  during angio.I personally feel this is commercial exploitation by noble profession. Due to risk involved as far as ossible avoid angiography, angioplasty and bypass surgery. My LVEF is 50%.
976897 tn?1379171202
"I fail how colaterals are not accounted  during angio"

Because the majority of them are just too small to see
Avatar universal
Thanks for your comments.
C1 - "To close your arteries for a few minutes may or may not be adequate time for collaterals to form." Some misunderstanding... I am not seekeing to increase collaterals with this procedure, but merely to test the adequacy of existing ones to cope with an increasing or total blockage.
Avatar universal
Thanks for the advice.
Dont have a LVEF, but the following notes are taken from the letter of my cardiologist commenting on my recent angiogram:
"Diagnosis:
1. Ischaemic heart disease
2. Two vessel coronary artery disease (significant LAD diagonal disease with occluded RCA)
3. Good left ventricular function.

Non LV was performed as he has quite tortous coronary arteries... to be assessed pre-op with echocardiography"

I am 68 and very fit and active for my age.
976897 tn?1379171202
If you fully block an artery to see how existing collaterals are coping, then you will end up with damaged tissue. The collaterals will have formed to cope with the amount of blockage already existing, not more, because it's all pressure related.
To see how effective collateral feeds are, there is a nuclear perfusion scan. This shows how well oxygen is distributed to all areas of the heart muscle.
Looking at your report, your RCA is blocked, but it must have formed good natural bypasses or you will be very ill. My RCA is blocked solid halfway down but the collaterals which have formed are large enough to see on an angiogram, and there are lots of them. My lower RCA is fully patent. Nobody can predict how much collateral growth you will develop, but exercise will certainly encourage it.
Avatar universal
Posted by 05/08/2011
I am a 50 year old female that had restenosis following a balloon angioplasty and would appreciate your perspective on my case to determine if my treatment will limit restenosis and any options I have if further restenosis occurs.
When I found I had high thyroid  problem  last 2 years  ago   except Niacin.   Before  5 days I  have  sever  heart  attack . My  LDA  is  100%   blockage was found in my LAD.  All other arteries were open.
Angioplasty  was  done.  Please  any  problem  in  my  future  life  is  it  dangerous  or  not  ?
And  what  precaution  is  needed  please  reply  me   .
My  informed  me
My  E-amil add.(1) Persis_jilla2000***@****- (2)  ***@****

367994 tn?1304957193
Q: "The collaterals will have formed to cope with the amount of blockage already existing, not more, because it's all pressure related."

....Collateral vessel developmenI  IS  pressure related and additiional pressure will not will Not have an adverse effect..how and from what else would the system respond as an occlusion progresses?.  In fact additional pressure will have a beneficial effect, and that is the fact for vessel growth and expansion.

As an example  EECP to develop collaterals is a process that expands diameter of and the opening of new viable channels and counter pressure is the driving force.

Ken
Also, collaterals is compensatory and a natural process when occlusions reduced the diameter of a vessel and as the increasing  gradient pressure increases collateral vessels start and as the gradient pressure chronically progresses so does the collaterals bypass over a slow period of time.  The result is one often does not know there is progressive occlusion! There is some evidence that an acute occlusion i.e. heart attack can have heart cell damaged reduced with collateral vessels that have started or already existing but not viable at the time.
367994 tn?1304957193
I have a completely blocked LAD diagnosed about 8 years ago with tests for another condtion..  Others who have posted have a totally blocked LAD as well and do fine with the system's compensatory mechanisms and therapy.  If the balloon angio does not sustain an opening enough to provide sufficient blood flow to heart cells then there can be a stent implant.  If there is restenosis of a stent implant, there can be another stent implant, etc.

You may have better results if you start your own post (thread) or go to the expert forum (page down and to your right you will see the expert forums).

However, thank you for your question, and I can identify with your anxiety when I too first heard I had a completely blocked LAD.  If you did or do not have other vessels feeding into the area normally supplied blood by your LAD you would not be around to post a question..so that indicates your system is working for you and not against you and you can be successfully treated and have many good years to go.  Don't worry, you will be OK.  

Have you had an echocardiogram?  Is there any hypokinesis (heart wall movement disorder)? How low is your EF (amount of blood pumped with each heartbeat)  
Is your heart enlarged? Heart valves normal?  If you have your echo report and list an answer we can provide some information that can help you understand.  Take care,

Ken

Ken
976897 tn?1379171202
"....Collateral vessel developmenI  IS  pressure related and additiional pressure will not will Not have an adverse effect..how and from what else would the system respond as an occlusion progresses?.  In fact additional pressure will have a beneficial effect, and that is the fact for vessel growth and expansion. "

Did you read the original question? Are you saying that closing each vessel in turn to test for collaterals can only be beneficial?
Avatar universal
"Mechanical stimulation of angiogenesis is not well characterized. There is a significant amount of controversy with regard to shear stress acting on capillaries to cause angiogenesis, although current knowledge suggests that increased muscle contractions may increase angiogenesis.[11] This may be due to an increase in the production of nitric oxide during exercise. Nitric oxide results in vasodilation of blood vessels."

The above is a quote from Wikipedia. In other words: don't know yet whether pressure differentials actually cause angiogenesis.


367994 tn?1304957193
In addition what has been said, shear stress inducing endothelium stimulation for angiogensis is not the same as collateral vessel growth. A differential for angiogenesis is that it has its own blood source, and if out of control can be carcigenic. It is true, the theory suggests that angiogenesis is initiated by other factors in addition to shear stress.

Developed collateral vessels are a pathway that bridges the occlusion or collateral pathways to other vessels that feed the area deficit of oxygenated blood.  The driving force to open new vessel growth is the high pressure gradient of the occlusion, comparable resistence of contributory vessels to be overcome by the higher resistence , blood flow velocity, etc.
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