Australia antigen positive means he is positive for hepatitis B infection. It means that a person is infected with the hepatitis B virus which can be acute or chronic infection. Hepatitis B is transmitted through contaminated blood, sweat, tears, saliva, semen, saliva, vaginal secretions, menstrual blood and breast milk. It can be transmitted through blood transfusions, sexual contact, having tattoos or body piercing, from mother to child during childbirth, during medical procedures etc.Approximately 90% to 95% of adults infected with hepatitis B fight off their infection and are cured. While only about 5% to 10% of adults infected with HBV develop chronic infection. Almost two-thirds of people with chronic HBV infection can become chronic carriers. They keep harboring the virus and can transmit it to others. Antiviral drugs are used in hepatitis B.They are not a cure but reduce the damage caused by the virus and decrease the ability of the virus to reproduce. People with hepatitis B are at risk of developing cirrhosis, liver failure and liver cancer. Talk to your health care practitioner about the possible options for your brother-in-law. That will definitely help.
Good luck and regards!
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