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A new approach to therapeutic vaccinations?

Alternating Arenavirus Vector Immunization Generates Robust Polyfunctional Genotype Cross-Reactive Hepatitis B Virus–Specific CD8 T-Cell Responses and High Anti–Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Titers
The Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 229, Issue 4, 15 April 2024, Pages 1077–1087, https://doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiad340
21 August 2023


"Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) is a major driver of infectious disease mortality. Curative therapies are needed and ideally should induce CD8 T cell-mediated clearance of infected hepatocytes plus anti-hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) antibodies (anti-HBs) to neutralize residual virus. We developed a novel therapeutic vaccine using non-replicating arenavirus vectors. Antigens were screened for genotype conservation and magnitude and genotype reactivity of T cell response, then cloned into Pichinde virus (PICV) vectors (recombinant PICV, GS-2829) and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) vectors (replication-incompetent, GS-6779). Alternating immunizations with GS-2829 and GS-6779 induced high-magnitude HBV T cell responses, and high anti-HBs titers. Dose schedule optimization in macaques achieved strong polyfunctional CD8 T cell responses against core, HBsAg, and polymerase and high titer anti-HBs. In AAV-HBV mice, GS-2829 and GS-6779 were efficacious in animals with low pre-treatment serum HBsAg. Based on these results, GS-2829 and GS-6779 could become a central component of cure regimens."
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