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1815939 tn?1377991799

Hepatitis C and Insulin Resistance

Hepatitis C Virus Infection: Molecular Pathways to Insulin Resistance.  I just ran across this article and found it extremely educational and enlightening. Therefore I wanted to share it. It is in PDF format so I cannot copy and paste, but here is the link:

http://www.virologyj.com/content/pdf/1743-422X-8-474.pdf

In addition, here the link to another excellent article on HCV and Insulin Resistance:

http://www.smw.ch/docs/pdfcontent/smw-12765.pdf

If these articles has been posted before, I apologize for posting it again.

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Avatar universal
http://www.medhelp.org/posts/Hepatitis-C/Interesting-Study-on-Insulin-Resistance/show/797968

J Hepatol. 2009 Apr;50(4):712-718.

Insulin resistance predicts response to peginterferon-alpha/ribavirin combination therapy in chronic hepatitis C patients.

Dai CY, Huang JF, Hsieh MY, Hou NJ, Lin ZY, Chen SC, Hsieh MY, Wang LY, Chang WY, Chuang WL, Yu ML.
Hepatobiliary Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, No. 100, Tzyou 1st Rd, Kaohsiung 807, Taiwan; Faculty of Internal Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Insulin resistance (IR) might be associated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study aimed to elucidate impact of IR and beta-cell function on the response to peginterferon-alpha (PEG-IFN)/ribavirin combination therapy in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients.

METHODS: Three hundred and thirty patients without overt diabetes were treated with combination therapy with (PEG-IFN)/ribavirin for 24 weeks. The IR and beta-cell function were evaluated by homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) and homeostasis model assessment of beta-cell function (HOMA-beta) before treatment.

RESULTS: HCV genotype, pretreatment HCV RNA level and pretreatment HOMA-IR, but not HOMA-beta, were independent factors associated with sustained virologic response (SVR). In 150 patients with genotype 1b infection, pretreatment HCV RNA level, HOMA-IR and age were independent predictors for SVR. The significantly lower SVR rate in high HOMA-IR patients was observed in 76 patients with high HCV RNA levels (400,000IU/mL) who were defined as 'difficult-to-treat' patients. The mean HOMA-IR of 'difficult-to-treat' patients was significantly lower in 42 sustained responders than in 34 non-responders.

CONCLUSIONS: IR was associated with SVR to (PEG-IFN)/ribavirin therapy for CHC, especially among 'difficult-to-treat' patients. These findings suggested clinical application of pretreatment HOMA-IR could enable treatment outcome to be predicted and treatment regimens to be determined.

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I found this old post from 2009
Helpful - 0
1815939 tn?1377991799
Actually, my interest in the articles was not because of the Hep C treatment angle/SVR rates.

My interest in the articles was because the articles explain the physiology behind how Hep C causes IR (and the problems related to IR).

In my opinion, this extrahepatic manifestation is just one more reason to treat and get rid of Hep C.
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Avatar universal
Also one would have to wonder just how much the IR factor comes into play with genotype 2 or 3 since they have such a high success rate...
Helpful - 0
Avatar universal

Yes this is very true with patients treating under just SOC put does not seem to impact those treating with triple therapy.
---------------------------------------------

No Impact of Insulin Resistance on Antiviral Efficacy of Telaprevir-based Regimen in HCV Genotype 1 Treatment-naïve Patients: Subanalysis of C208 Study

http://www.natap.org/2010/AASLD/AASLD_76.htm
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