What is insulin resistance?
Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body produces insulin but does not use it properly. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps the body use glucose for energy. Glucose is a form of sugar that is the body’s main source of energy.
The body’s digestive system breaks food down into glucose, which then travels in the bloodstream to cells throughout the body. Glucose in the blood is called blood glucose, also known as blood sugar. As the blood glucose level rises after a meal, the pancreas releases insulin to help cells take in and use the glucose.
When people are insulin resistant, their muscle, fat, and liver cells do not respond properly to insulin. As a result, their bodies need more insulin to help glucose enter cells. The pancreas tries to keep up with this increased demand for insulin by producing more. Eventually, the pancreas fails to keep up with the body’s need for insulin. Excess glucose builds up in the bloodstream, setting the stage for diabetes. Many people with insulin resistance have high levels of both glucose and insulin circulating in their blood at the same time.
Insulin resistance increases the chance of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Learning about insulin resistance is the first step toward making lifestyle changes that can help prevent diabetes and other health problems.
What causes insulin resistance?
Scientists have identified specific genes that make people more likely to develop insulin resistance and diabetes. Excess weight and lack of physical activity also contribute to insulin resistance.
Many people with insulin resistance and high blood glucose have other conditions that increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and damage to the heart and blood vessels, also called cardiovascular disease. These conditions include having excess weight around the waist, high blood pressure, and abnormal levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood. Having several of these problems is called metabolic syndrome or insulin resistance syndrome, formerly called syndrome X.
Fasting glucose test. This test measures blood glucose in people who have not eaten anything for at least 8 hours. This test is most reliable when done in the morning. Fasting glucose levels of 100 to 125 mg/dL are above normal but not high enough to be called diabetes. This condition is called pre-diabetes or IFG. People with IFG often have had insulin resistance for some time. They are much more likely to develop diabetes than people with normal blood glucose levels.
Glucose tolerance test. This test measures blood glucose after people fast for at least 8 hours and 2 hours after they drink a sweet liquid provided by a doctor or laboratory. A blood glucose level between 140 and 199 mg/dL means glucose tolerance is not normal but is not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. This form of pre-diabetes is called IGT and, like IFG, it points toward a history of insulin resistance and a risk for developing diabetes.
what is IR? Iam still learning about this
Puppiepaws relapsed correct? 1a, 48 wks tx and starting vl b/4 tx was around 3 ml. Back in Sept vl was 1.5 ml so don't know when tx was actually completed but viral load fluctuates and really doesn't mean anything unless you are starting tx with a low viral load and UND early which may allow a shorter tx time or you are actually treating and they are monitoring your response to the meds.
Stage 2, grade 2.
Enzymes are elevated which is to be expected with active virus but aren't too bad.
Other blood work seems within normal range (not clear on the cbc) except for glucose which is slightly elevated. I'm assuming this is a fasting reading because of the normal range on the test? If you are considering treatment again, definitely talk with your doctor about your glucose level if this is indeed a fasting reading. You may be IR.
You didn't say if you have Hepatitis C or not. We cannot tell if you do. If you don't know then get tested for Hep B and Hep C. Your Liver enzymes are mildly elevated. If you don't have Hepatitis then elevated enzymes could be caused by many things. Some of them are certain medications, heavy excercise etc. You need to discuss this with your Dr. and get tested if neccessary.
There are many causes for elevated AST and ALT. What does your doctor say?
Posting a blood test with no additional data is not helpful. If you would like input from forum members, you should put some effort into providing enough data that we have some point of reference to comment on.
The total protein test is a rough measure of all the proteins found in the fluid portion of your blood. Specifically it looks at the total amount of two classes of proteins: albumin and globulin.
Proteins are important parts of all cells and tissues. For example, albumin helps maintain a certain type of blood pressure by preventing fluid from leaking out of blood vessels.
can anyone help with this