Hernias occur due to chronic increased abdominal pressure, which causes the protrusion of abdominal contents. So, controlling the basic cause like cough or obesity will prevent recurrences.
Further precautions you will have to take will be, to first rule out if you are a diabetic or not. If you are one, then your blood sugars must be brought to euglycaemic levels. The second precaution would be to see that the wound does not become infected; otherwise it will give way. After surgery, you have to maintain precautions while bending down and lifting heavy weights. The aim of the surgery is wound strengthening, so that hernia does not occur again. If the gap is large, then a mesh may be used.
Pain may be there due to the fibrous tissue, but this should subside with time.
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