I am a nursing student and I am doing my clinicals now. I have to construct a nursing care plan for my patient, but I am a little confused.
I know that aggravation with GERD is supposed to diminish if the pt. sits upright and does not lay down right after eating. However, my patient's pain worsens with position changes, and his pain seems to correlate with Fowler's rather than supine positioning. He guards the LUQ and says that the pain is sharp and intermittent. He is 94 years old, has Hx of renal failure, glaucoma, cataracts, prostatic hypertrophy, diabetes, HTN, hypothermia, and vertigo. He fell at the nursing home, and they sent him to MedSurg. The doctor d/c'd his sugar pill and changed his insulin orders to sliding scale about a week ago. Enzyme levels were elevated in his liver. No Hx of smoking, no adventitious lungs sounds, though his lung sounds are diminished in the LLL and RLL. His RR is irregular as well. He breathes through his mouth and uses accessory muscles for breathing. His breaths are shallow and rapid. His BP is WNL, and his SpO2 is 99% room air, RR is 25 BPM, P is 64 irreg, predictable rhythm, T 96.2, BP 106/62
I don't know what to teach him because I don't know why the pain increases rather than diminishes when he is sitting upright. He has so much going on with him that I can't figure out what may be causing the pain in Fowler's position.