Radiology Community
536 Members
Avatar universal

Results of High-resolution CT of the lungs & protein electrophoresis blood test

Clinical information: hemoptysis


No enlarged mediastinal or axillary lymph nodes are seen.
No pleural or pericardial effusion.
The lung parenchyma is clear of infiltrates or consolidations. Tiny nonspecific granulomas are noted in both lungs, measuring up to 3 mm in the right upper lobe.
The limited analysis of the abdomen shows a few simple biliary cysts.
The bony framework shows a 5 mm bone island at the right humeral head.

No evidence of pulmonary infectious focus.

Protein electrophoresis test results :

Borderline polyclonal increase in gamma-globulins suggesting a chronic reactive condition.

Can someone help me interpret my Results?
15 Responses
1081992 tn?1389903637
Hi, the short answer is that no obvious sign of infection was seen, and also no cancer seen.

Has any doctor mentioned "granulomatosis with polyangiitis" which is also called Wegener's disease? Has a doctor ordered a followup test for the type of antibody (gamma-globulin) called ANCA?

No, my doctor prescribed me 3 antibiotics for 10 days: Augmentin, zithromax, ciprobay and histamed . The symptoms of hemoptysis go away during treatment , and reccurent the first week after treatment.
1081992 tn?1389903637
Is there tuberculosis where you are?

Or any kidney symptoms?
No, there isn't.
No signs of kidney symptoms.

1081992 tn?1389903637
Well, to my mind, the big clues that you have are:
- the granulomas in the lungs. Granulomas are groups of immune cells. They can result from infection or from mysterious immune reactions.
- your history of the stomach pain (in your other posts) from years ago. It is reasonable, for now, to guess that they are related to the lung problems.
- the symptoms improve from the drugs, but which drugs? The antibiotics or the antihistamine? The improvement *tends* to say that your problem is not Wegener's.
- the phlegm from years ago also tends against Wegener's, I think. Wegener's is a disease of blood vessels, not lung tissue. So why the phlegm? Maybe you have lung inflammation but no infection. So that could explain why the antihistamine might help. Did you ever take strong antihistamines without antibiotics? Do you have allergies? Does your family have any odd immune conditions?

Does the awful stomach pain still happen?

Marhaba, by the way.
No, I don't take antihistamines without antibiotics.
My blood test show no allergies.
No immune conditions in my family.
I don't have any pain in my stomach from about one year.

I really appreciate your help. Thank you
1081992 tn?1389903637
Well, I'm very happy to try to help. Maybe we can at least understand this better.

I'm guessing that if there had been a lung bacterial infection, it wouldn't have come back in only one week after the course of Abx had been done.

What you have is likely going to turn out to be rare. Maybe a rare disease. Or else a rare version of a not-so-rare disease - an 'atypical presentation'.

Histamine in the lungs can cause inflammation there. I'd ask the doc if it's okay to try a powerful antihistamine alone to see if that helps. Or maybe try an anti-leukotriene drug, since 'leukotrienes' are powerful immune chemicals that can cause inflammation in the lungs. (It may surprise you that frankincense is an effective anti-leukotriene.)

1081992 tn?1389903637
"Augmentin, zithromax, ciprobay and histamed"
How soon did the improvement begin? In one day, or several days?
In one day
1081992 tn?1389903637
"I don't have any pain in my stomach from about one year."

That's certainly a welcome thing. The 3 days of severe pain must have been horrible for you.

But it's a mystery why it stopped, and also why it occurred only several months apart. Do you have any intuition about what caused it, or why it stopped? Sometimes an observant person can have an idea, and be correct.
1081992 tn?1389903637
Let me talk a bit about two conditions that can cause granulomas in the lungs. I don't think you have either of these particular 2 diseases, but knowing about them might help in understanding.

Tuberculosis is caused by a bacteria. When the body is not able to kill off the bacteria, it instead surrounds them with immune cells. It's like building a wall to surround the infection. That is what granulomas are.

In Sarcoidosis, there is no bacteria (or virus or parasite or fungus). But the granulomas form anyway. No one knows why. It is a mystery immune condition.


Let's add one more example: IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome). It is inflammation of the digestive tract,  but no one really knows what causes it. However, people can try to detect what 'triggers' it, such as certain foods. Eliminating the foods can bring improvement. It's almost like an allergy, but different.
1081992 tn?1389903637
"In one day"
To me, that seems less like the antibiotic effect, and more like an antihistamine effect.

This is all guesswork, but all we have at this point is trying to figure out the probabilities.

I hope you are not having too much trouble translating :)  These are complicated medical topics. Please ask for any additional explanations if it's not clear enough.
I am so thankful for what you did.
1081992 tn?1389903637
"I am so thankful for what you did."
It's very nice of you to say that, thank you.

I also should add that although this is mysterious, it is most likely much better than having a cancer or a severe lung infection. I hope that makes you feel a little better.

1081992 tn?1389903637
Hi, again. Are you still there? As if things weren't complicated enough already, we also have this from your CT report:
"The limited analysis of the abdomen shows a few simple biliary cysts."

This is also *rare*, maybe around 1 in 100,000 people. I think this probably gives us the cause of the abdominal pain you were having. We have to be very careful here to thoughtfully consider which type it is, so as not to rush to a surgery and not to rush to thinking it is the pre-cancerous type.

Why is it probably not-cancer?
- you are too young; the pain began when you were 30 or less, right?
- the pain stopped
- you very possibly have some unusual immune condition going on which then also probably explains the cysts

"direct correlation between the patient age and cancer risk: 0 year to 30 years (0%)"

Did you have any severe abdominal pains as a child? Can you please tell me the exact place where the severe abdominal pains occurred as an adult? Did it seem to be in the stomach, or maybe more to the right of the stomach? How high up?
No, when I was young there wasn't any pain in my stomach.
The pain is in the epigastric area below the ribcage.

1081992 tn?1389903637
Why did you join the esophageal cancer group? Did you ever have trouble swallowing food?
I join the esophageal cancer group because the phlegm getting worse after eating or drinking.
1081992 tn?1389903637
Since biliary cysts (also called choledochal cysts) are so rare, there is not consistency in the literature. But "Frequently, adults with choledochal cysts complain of vague epigastric... pain..."

Hasn't your doctor remarked on this part of the CT report?
No, my doctor did not tell me anything about this part of the report.
1081992 tn?1389903637
"I join the esophageal cancer group because the phlegm getting worse after eating or drinking."

It's possible that 'eosinophilic esophagitis' is involved. There is some mysterious way that can interact with the lungs. Keep that in mind. Eosinophils are immune system cells. They can also attack the gallbladder and the bile ducts.

Unfortunately, it's very complicated. But if it was simple, doctors would have found the diagnosis easily.

My doctor prescribed me Xyzal 5 mg  for 1 month but the symptoms do not improve, Currently I have been taking Nexium 40 mg for 1 month and a half now and it's like i'm not taking anything at all .
1081992 tn?1389903637
I'll be back later in the day.
1081992 tn?1389903637
If we accept that your conditions have to do with inflammation, then merely taking antacids like Xyzal and Nexium wouldn't be expected to help much, because they don't address the underlying problem.
Thanks a lot for your help, you're very kind.
Have an Answer?
Top General Health Answerers
11548417 tn?1506080564
Learn About Top Answerers
Didn't find the answer you were looking for?
Ask a question
Popular Resources
In this unique and fascinating report from Missouri Medicine, world-renowned expert Dr. Raymond Moody examines what really happens when we almost die.
Think a loved one may be experiencing hearing loss? Here are five warning signs to watch for.
When it comes to your health, timing is everything
We’ve got a crash course on metabolism basics.
Learn what you can do to avoid ski injury and other common winter sports injury.
Here are the pros and cons of the top fad diets and weight loss plans of the year.