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Test results

I had urine tests done the other day and the results show blood and leukocytes in my urine. what causes this and what does it mean?
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Blood in the urine or hematuria  can be due to a problem in the kidneys or other parts of the urinary tract such as  kidney or bladder stones; kidney disease following strep throat; infection or inflammation of the bladder, kidney, or urethra; or injury to the kidney. Hematuria, can be classified as microscopic or gross.  Microscopic hematuria is when there is very little blood in the urine and it can only be seen with a microscope while gross hematuria is when there is enough blood in the urine that you can see it with the naked eye.  

Leukocytes, on the other hand, indicates the amount of white blood cells in the urine. This could indicate inflammation or infection in the urinary tract. If both the red blood cells and leukocytes are increased, there is  an infection that needs to be treated with antibiotics. This is a reaction of the body to fight off bacteria that is causing the infection.Are there other signs or symptoms present? How high is the count for both parameters?  It is best that you see your doctor for proper evaluation and clinical correlation. He may prescribe you with antibiotics.. It also recommended to increase your fluid intake.

Take care and regards.
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