Mar 14, 2014
Meningitis prevention is based on vaccination against the bacteria responsible for serious meningitis (meningococcal, pneumococcal, Haemophilus influenza type B) and on the preventive treatment of persons having been in contact with patients in case of meningococcal meningitis.
The vaccine against infections in Hæmophilus influenza of type B is recommended for all new-born babies. That counters infections in pneumocoques am recommended for all new-born babies of less than two years. Vaccines against infections in meningocoques by serogroupes A, C, W135 and Y are recommended for all new-born babies from one year (serotypes C) or of 24 months other serotypes).
For the pilgrimage to Mecca, the presentation of an up-to-date vaccination booklet is required by Saudi authorities. It is mandatory to be vaccinated against the meningococcal serogroup A, C, Y and W135. Vaccination should be carried out not later than ten days before departure. The pneumococcal vaccine is also recommended.
In the case of a meningococcal meningitis, contagious, and sometimes fatal, preventive treatment is recommended in the surroundings of the person who declares this disease. This preventive treatment lasts two days. All persons attending the same community (nursery, school, college, high school, Enterprise, etc.) are concerned, even though there was no direct contact between the two individuals. In addition, regular and repeated contact with the sick people are vaccinated (excluding meningococcal B).