Hilar lymphadenopathy can be very rarely caused by bronchitis. The common causes of hilar lymphadenopathy are infections like fungal infections and tuberculosis and viral pneumonia, sarcoidosis, amyloidosis, granulomatosis.
Certain cancers like lung cancer, breast cancer and esophageal cancer can cause enlargement of these lymph nodes.
Hope this helps! Do let me know if you need more information.
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